California Turkey Hunting Info, Maps, Links

 

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2013 California Spring Turkey Hunt

2013 SPRING TURKEY HUNT SEASON:

Shotgun -Saturday March 30, 2013 to Sunday May 5, 2013.

Archery -Saturday March 30, 2013 to Sunday May 19, 2013.

Falconry -Saturday March 30, 2013 to Sunday May 19, 2013.

Youth Hunt - March 23-24 2013. Extended season for youth and bowhunters. Monday May 6, 2013 to Sunday May 19, 2013.

LICENSE REQUIREMENTS: Hunting License: You must possess a California hunting license in addition to the Upland Game Stamp. The cost of a hunting license is:

Annual resident hunting license - $44.85.
Junior annual resident hunting license - $11.62. (Required for any resident or nonresident less than 16 years of age who takes birds or mammals. To qualify, hunter must be less than 16 years of age at the beginning of the license year (July 1).
Non resident annual hunting license - $155.52. (Required for any nonresident 16 years of age or older who takes birds or mammals).
One-Day Nonresident license, age 16 and over (not valid for big game) - $21.34. IMPORTANT! This license is only available for nonresidents taking resident and migratory game birds on Licensed Game Bird Clubs (Upland Game Bird Stamp is also required) or Licensed Domesticated Migratory Game Bird Shooting Areas (Federal Migratory Bird Stamp and California Duck Stamp are also required).
Two-Day Nonresident license, age 16 and over (not valid for big game) - $44.85. Required for any person 16 years of age or older, for taking resident and migratory game birds, resident small game mammals, nongame mammals and furbearers for two consecutive days. IMPORTANT! This license is NOT valid for deer, bear, antelope, elk, bighorn sheep or pig.
Reduced Fee, Disabled Veteran - $7.05.
Duplicate Hunting License - $9.98.
Hunter Education Stamp - $3.75.
Harvest Information Program Stamp (HIP) - No fee. Required for any person hunting ducks, dove, gallinules, geese, band-tailed pigeon, black brant, coots, and snipe. This validation is free to hunters who complete the Harvest Information Program (HIP) Survey. The validation is available where hunting licenses are sold. The HIP Validation is imprinted on your hunting license document when you answer the HIP Survey questions. If you hunt migratory game birds, verify that a HIP Validation has been printed on your hunting license. The HIP Survey provides wildlife biologists with data needed to make wildlife management decisions and formulate hunting seasons. More information about HIP.
Upland Bird Stamp - $9.21. Required for any person taking upland game bird species, excluding juniors hunting under the authority of a junior hunting license.

The California hunting license is good from July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014. California resident and nonresident hunting licenses are nonrefundable and nontransferable.

Definition of Resident. A resident is defined as any person who has resided continuously in California for six months immediately before the date of application for a license, tag or permit; persons on active duty with the armed forces of the United States or an auxiliary branch; or Job Corps enrollees.

Disabled Veteran Hunting Licenses. A $6.25 hunting license is available for qualified disabled veterans. To be eligible, applicants must submit: (1) a letter from the Veterans Administration verifying that the applicant has a 70 percent or greater service-connected disability and was honorably discharged from the United States armed forces; and (2) evidence of meeting California hunter education requirements. Applicants renewing this license may submit their disabled veteran hunting license from the previous year as proof of meeting eligibility requirements. The reduced-fee provisions do not apply to hunting tags or species stamps. Disabled Veteran Hunting Licenses are issued only through DFG Offices.

Hunter Education Special Requirement. Hunting licenses shall be issued to hunters only upon presentation of one of the following:

An annual California hunting license from a prior year or evidence of having held such a license; a California hunter education completion or equivalency certificate; a certificate of competence or completion of a California approved hunter education training course from any state or Canadian province; or a current year hunting license from any state, province, European country or South Africa. For further information, contact any DFG office or license agent. A California hunter education validation stamp must be affixed to hunter education certificates from California.

Hunting Mentors And New Hunters Looking For A Mentor: We have a forum where mentors and new hunters can hook up with each other. This is a great way to give back to the sport if you are a seasoned hunter. This is also an excellent resource for the new hunter to learn from a mentor who can help show them the ropes.

SHOOTING HOURS: The shooting hours for the spring wild turkey season shall be from one-half hour before sunrise to 4:00 p.m.

BAG LIMIT: 1 bearded turkey per day for 37 consecutive days. A bearded turkey is one having a beard visible through the breast feathers. Bearded hens are legal to shoot as long as the beard is visible.

POSSESSION LIMIT: 3 per season. You must also fill out a "Declaration for Entry" form to comply with Importation law: Section 2353 of the California Fish & Game Code if you bring any game into California from another state or country. You can get the "Declaration for Entry" form here.

WEAPONS ALLOWED: Shotguns 10 gauge or smaller using shot shells only and incapable of holding more than three shells in the magazine and chamber combined. If a plug is used to reduce the capacity of a magazine to fulfill the requirements of this section, the plug must be of one piece construction incapable of removal without disassembling the gun; (b) Shotgun shells may not be used or possessed that contain shot size larger than No. BB, except that shot size larger than No. 2 may not be used or possessed when taking wild turkey. All shot shall be loose in the shell.

(c) Muzzle-loading shotguns;

(d) Falconry;

(e) Bow and arrow. For the taking of migratory game birds, resident small game, furbearers and nongame mammals and birds any arrow or crossbow bolt may be used except as prohibited by subsection (d) below. (d) No arrows or crossbow bolt with an explosive head or with any substance which would tranquilize or poison any animal may be used. No arrows or crossbow bolt without flu-flu fletching may be used for the take of pheasants and migratory game birds, except for provisions of section 507 (a). (e) No arrow or crossbow bolt may be released from a bow or crossbow upon or across any highway, road or other way open to vehicular traffic. (f) No bow or crossbow may be used which will not cast a legal hunting arrow, except flu-flu arrows, a horizontal distance of 130 yards. (g) Crossbows may not be used to take game birds and game mammals during archery seasons. (h) Archers may not possess a firearm while hunting in the field during any archery season, or while hunting during a general season under the provisions of an archery only tag. (i) No person may nock or fit the notch in the end of an arrow to a bowstring or crossbow string in a ready-to-fire position while in or on any vehicle.

(f) Air rifles firing pellets and powered by compressed air or gas (0.177 caliber minimum for taking wild turkey). IMPORTANT! New change in 2011 for minimum pellet size, now .177. DFG 311 (f)

BAITING: According to the California Fish and Game Code, resident game birds and mammals may not be taken within 400 yards of any baited area. (a) Definition of Baited Area. As used in this regulation, “baited area” shall mean any area where shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed whatsoever capable of luring, attracting, or enticing such birds or mammals is directly or indirectly placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered, and such area shall remain a baited area for ten days following complete removal of all such corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed.

ELECTRONIC CALLING: Electronic or mechanically-operated calling or sound-reproducing devices are prohibited when attempting to take resident game birds.

LIVE DECOYS: The use of live decoys is prohibited when attempting to take resident game birds.

SHOOTING FROM VEHICLES: DFG reg. 252. No person shall pursue, drive, herd, or take any bird or mammal from any type of motor-driven air or land vehicles, motorboat, airboat, sailboat, or snowmobile, except: 1) When the motor of such motorboat, airboat, or sailboat has been shut off and/or the sails furled and its progress therefrom has ceased, and it is drifting, beached, moored, resting at anchor, or is being propelled by paddle, oar or pole. (2)if they have a Mobility Disabled Persons Motor Vehicle License.

RADIO USE WHILE HUNTING: It is legal to use and posses two way radios while hunting in California.

DOGS: You can use dogs to hunt turkeys in California.

TRESPASS: If the land you hunt on is not your own, it belongs to someone else. Make sure you have a legal right to be there. Contact the owner or person who administers the property, and secure written permission to hunt. A hunting license does not entitle you to enter private property.

“It is unlawful to enter any lands under cultivation or enclosed by a fence, belonging to, or occupied by, another, or to enter any uncultivated or unenclosed lands, including lands temporarily inundated by waters flowing outside the established banks of a river, stream, slough, or other waterway, where signs forbidding trespass are displayed at intervals not less than three to the mile along all exterior boundaries and at all roads and trails entering such lands, for the purpose of discharging any firearm or taking or destroying any mammal or bird, including any waterfowl, on such lands without having first obtained written permission from the owner of such lands, or his agent, or the person in lawful possession thereof. Such signs may be of any size and wording, other than the wording required for signs under Section 2017, which will fairly advise persons about to enter the land that the use of such land is so restricted.” Section 2016, Fish and Game Code. Click the link below to get a trespass permission slip you can print out and carry with you.

What is the fine for a trespass infraction ticket? Look it up here: http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/referenc...009_jcbail.pdf

Page #117 starts the Hunting infractions.

2016 M Trespass While Hunting = $760

2000 M Unlawful Taking or Possessing of Fish or Wildlife = $760

Click the link below to get the trespass permission slip you can print.

http://www.jesseshunting.com/pdf/permission-slip-1.pdf

SAFETY: It is always unlawful to: Place on, or carry or possess a loaded rifle or shotgun in a vehicle or conveyance or its attachments on any public road or other way open to the public: Hunt while intoxicated; Shoot at any game bird from a powerboat, sailboat, motor vehicle, or aircraft while under power or still moving from use of sail or motor. (See Section 251) Shoot any firearm from or upon a public road or highway.

DISCHARGING FIREARMS OR OTHER DEADLY WEAPONS SAFETY ZONE: It is unlawful for any person, other than the owner, person in possession of the premises, or a person having the express permission of the owner or person in possession of the premises, to hunt or to discharge while hunting, any firearm or other deadly weapon within 150 yards of any occupied dwelling house, residence, or other building or any barn or other outbuilding used in connection therewith. The 150-yard area is a “safety zone.”

CALIFORNIA DFG WEBPAGE is at http://www.dfg.ca.gov

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2013 California Fall Turkey Hunt

2013 CALIFORNIA FALL TURKEY HUNT SEASON: is November 9 2013 to December 8, 2013. IMPORTANT! Change from 2 weeks to 30 day season in 2012.

DAILY BAG LIMIT: The daily bag limit is 1 turkey, either sex.

POSSESSION LIMITS: the possession limit is 1 turkey, either sex per season. You must also fill out a "Declaration for Entry" form to comply with Importation law: Section 2353 of the California Fish & Game Code if you bring any game into California from another state or country. You can get the "Declaration for Entry" form here.

SHOOTING HOURS: are from 1/2 hour before sunrise to sunset.

LICENSE REQUIREMENTS: Hunting License: You must possess a California hunting license in addition to the Upland Game Stamp. The cost of a hunting license is:

Annual resident hunting license - $44.85.
Junior annual resident hunting license - $11.62. (Required for any resident or nonresident less than 16 years of age who takes birds or mammals. To qualify, hunter must be less than 16 years of age at the beginning of the license year (July 1).
Non resident annual hunting license - $155.52. (Required for any nonresident 16 years of age or older who takes birds or mammals).
One-Day Nonresident license, age 16 and over (not valid for big game) - $21.34. IMPORTANT! This license is only available for nonresidents taking resident and migratory game birds on Licensed Game Bird Clubs (Upland Game Bird Stamp is also required) or Licensed Domesticated Migratory Game Bird Shooting Areas (Federal Migratory Bird Stamp and California Duck Stamp are also required).
Two-Day Nonresident license, age 16 and over (not valid for big game) - $44.85. Required for any person 16 years of age or older, for taking resident and migratory game birds, resident small game mammals, nongame mammals and furbearers for two consecutive days. IMPORTANT! This license is NOT valid for deer, bear, antelope, elk, bighorn sheep or pig.
Reduced Fee, Disabled Veteran - $7.05.
Duplicate Hunting License - $9.98.
Hunter Education Stamp - $3.75.
Harvest Information Program Stamp (HIP) - No fee. Required for any person hunting ducks, dove, gallinules, geese, band-tailed pigeon, black brant, coots, and snipe. This validation is free to hunters who complete the Harvest Information Program (HIP) Survey. The validation is available where hunting licenses are sold. The HIP Validation is imprinted on your hunting license document when you answer the HIP Survey questions. If you hunt migratory game birds, verify that a HIP Validation has been printed on your hunting license. The HIP Survey provides wildlife biologists with data needed to make wildlife management decisions and formulate hunting seasons. More information about HIP.
Upland Bird Stamp - $9.21. Required for any person taking upland game bird species, excluding juniors hunting under the authority of a junior hunting license.

The California hunting license is good from July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014. California resident and nonresident hunting licenses are nonrefundable and nontransferable.

Hunter Education Special Requirement. Hunting licenses shall be issued to hunters only upon presentation of one of the following:

An annual California hunting license from a prior year or evidence of having held such a license; a California hunter education completion or equivalency certificate; a certificate of competence or completion of a California approved hunter education training course from any state or Canadian province; or a current year hunting license from any state, province, European country or South Africa. For further information, contact any DFG office or license agent. A California hunter education validation stamp must be affixed to hunter education certificates from California.

Hunting Mentors And New Hunters Looking For A Mentor: We have forum where mentors and new hunters can hook up with each other. This is a great way to give back to the sport if you are a seasoned hunter. This is also an excellent resource for the new hunter to learn from a mentor who can help show them the ropes.

WEAPONS ALLOWED: Shotguns 10 gauge or smaller using shot shells only and incapable of holding more than three shells in the magazine and chamber combined. If a plug is used to reduce the capacity of a magazine to fulfill the requirements of this section, the plug must be of one piece construction incapable of removal without disassembling the gun; (b) Shotgun shells may not be used or possessed that contain shot size larger than No. BB, except that shot size larger than No. 2 may not be used or possessed when taking wild turkey. All shot shall be loose in the shell.

(c) Muzzle-loading shotguns;

(d) Falconry;

(e) Bow and arrow. For the taking of migratory game birds, resident small game, furbearers and nongame mammals and birds any arrow or crossbow bolt may be used except as prohibited by subsection (d) below. (d) No arrows or crossbow bolt with an explosive head or with any substance which would tranquilize or poison any animal may be used. No arrows or crossbow bolt without flu-flu fletching may be used for the take of pheasants and migratory game birds, except for provisions of section 507 (a). (e) No arrow or crossbow bolt may be released from a bow or crossbow upon or across any highway, road or other way open to vehicular traffic. (f) No bow or crossbow may be used which will not cast a legal hunting arrow, except flu-flu arrows, a horizontal distance of 130 yards. (g) Crossbows may not be used to take game birds and game mammals during archery seasons. (h) Archers may not possess a firearm while hunting in the field during any archery season, or while hunting during a general season under the provisions of an archery only tag. (i) No person may nock or fit the notch in the end of an arrow to a bowstring or crossbow string in a ready-to-fire position while in or on any vehicle.

(f) Air rifles firing pellets and powered by compressed air or gas (0.177 caliber minimum for taking wild turkey). IMPORTANT! New change for 2011 for minimum pellet size, now .177. DFG 311 (f)

BAITING: According to the California Fish and Game Code, resident game birds and mammals may not be taken within 400 yards of any baited area. (a) Definition of Baited Area. As used in this regulation, “baited area” shall mean any area where shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed whatsoever capable of luring, attracting, or enticing such birds or mammals is directly or indirectly placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered, and such area shall remain a baited area for ten days following complete removal of all such corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed.

ELECTRONIC CALLING: Electronic or mechanically-operated calling or sound-reproducing devices are prohibited when attempting to take resident game birds.

LIVE DECOYS: The use of live decoys is prohibited when attempting to take resident game birds

SHOOTING FROM VEHICLES: DFG reg. 252. No person shall pursue, drive, herd, or take any bird or mammal from any type of motor-driven air or land vehicles, motorboat, airboat, sailboat, or snowmobile, except: 1) When the motor of such motorboat, airboat, or sailboat has been shut off and/or the sails furled and its progress therefrom has ceased, and it is drifting, beached, moored, resting at anchor, or is being propelled by paddle, oar or pole. (2)if they have a Mobility Disabled Persons Motor Vehicle License.

RADIO USE WHILE HUNTING: It is legal to use and posses two way radios while hunting in California.

DOGS: You can use dogs to hunt turkeys in California.

CALIFORNIA DFG WEBPAGE: http://www.dfg.ca.gov

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Calling Contests & Turkey Shoots

Please email us if you know of any calling contests. Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

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DFG Special Turkey Hunts

 

Info on application dates and an application for these special DFG turkey hunts is here.

Daugherty Hill Wildlife Area2. Info at Ph# (916) 358-2877.

Oroville Wildlife Area. Butte County. Info at Ph# (916) 358-2877.

Map of Oroville WA - Butte Co.

Spenceville Wildlife Area. Nevada & Yuba Counties. Info at Ph# (916) 358-2877.

University of California Field Station, Browns Valley Juniors Only Hunt T5. Info at Ph# (530) 743-5068.

Lake Mendocino

Lake Sonoma Sonoma County. Info at Ph# (707) 944-5537.

Map of Lake Sonoma Wildlife Area - Sonoma Co.

Millerton Lake State Recreation Area Archery Only Turkey Hunt T8. Fresno County. Info at PH# (559) 243-4005, ext. 132 or 133.

Millerton Lake State Recreation Area Webpage

Tejon Ranch Junior Only Turkey Hunt. Kern County. Info at Ph# (559) 243-4005 ext. 132 or 133.

Hunters must be junior hunters to apply or participate as a guest in this special hunt. This is a guided hunt. Tejon Ranch is located south of Bakersfield in the Tehachapi Mountains. The Department released the Merriam’s subspecies of wild turkey on the Tejon Ranch in 1989. They have adapted well to the habitat, and large flocks now populate the ranch. Tejon Ranch also provides surplus birds for stocking on public lands to provide for increased hunting opportunities.

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California State Turkey Hunting History

Meliagris californica Turkey. Pic is from the Los Angeles County Natural History Museum.The modern turkey is not native to the Golden State, but does have ties back to prehistoric times. The extinct California Turkey (Meliagris californica) is the second most common species of bird found in the asphalt deposits of Rancho La Brea. Remains of more than 700 individuals have been recovered, including the remains of very young birds. The California Turkeys probably nested locally and may have provided a source of food for many of the carnivorous animals inhabiting Rancho La Brea. However, they went extinct during the last ice age, following climatic changes that resulted in dramatic changes in their habitats. The vast deserts that formed to the east in Nevada and Arizona probably prevented the reestablishment of the modern wild turkey in California.

Turkeys were initially introduced to California in 1877, when about 40 birds imported from Mexico were released onto Santa Cruz Island. From then through the early part of the 20th century several attempts were made to establish wild turkeys in California, but none of these were deemed a success. In 1928, the Department of Fish and Game began releasing game farm stock and continued this program through 1951. Several hundred releases were attempted in 23 counties statewide, but this program was only successful in establishing marginal wild populations, primarily along the central coast.

The majority of the game farm era releases were unsuccessful largely because game farm birds had not learned the skills they needed to survive and successfully reproduce in the wild. In 1959, the Department began an experiment with 59 wild trapped Rio Grande turkeys from Texas. These birds were immediately successful in establishing wild populations, and the Department adopted a program using wild-trapped turkeys to expand populations statewide. In 1970, an estimated 5,000 wild turkeys could be found in California, and today about 100,000 turkeys roost in 57 of California's 58 counties. Only urban San Francisco County is void entirely of wild turkeys.

The first hunting season in California was in 1968, with a one-day fall hunt in San Luis Obispo County. By 1978, seasons had opened statewide, and approximately 7,600 hunters bagged 2,800 turkeys. In the 1990s, wild turkey hunting became more popular than ever, with about 20,000 hunters bagging about 16,000 turkeys annually. Spring is the more popular season with 16,000 hunters in 1997, 28 percent higher than in 1996. Fall hunting is almost as popular, and has remained steady this decade  with about 10,000 hunters per year.

Through expeditious wildlife management conducted by state and federal wildlife agencies and by the National Wild Turkey Federation, populations were restored in 43 states, and quickly expanded to 2 million turkeys in the country by 1980.

Turkey Hunting Seminars

The San Diego chapter of the NWTF holds a fall turkey hunting seminar and drawing for turkey hunt opportunity at Lake Sutherland in November usually.

Lake Sutherland is located at 22850 Sutherland Dam Road, Ramona, CA.

This is a quality turkey hunt on city owned land - meaning no one else except you have access to it on that particular hunt day.

For more info: National Wild Turkey Federation San Diego Chapter

 

CURRENT DISTRIBUTION

The geographical location and the type of habitat being used by the wild turkey is an important clue in determining the subspecies. In California, the Rio Grande turkeys are found in blue oak and gray pine covered foothills, primarily in the valley-foothill hardwood and valley-riparian habitats. They range from sea level in the Central Valley to above 1,600 ft. in the northern Sacramento Valley, and 2,400 ft. to 3,300 ft. in San Diego County. Merriam's turkeys, first established in Alpine County, inhabit high, forested and rugged mountain areas. They are seldom found below the 3,500 ft. elevation. California hybrids are found in the Coast Range from 660 ft. to 6,600 ft. elevation, and in the Sierra Nevada from 2,600 ft. to 5,200 ft. elevation.

They use open stands of oak interspersed with grassy openings. The eastern subspecies has a broad geographical range. They traditionally occupy deciduous hardwood forests, and have been planted in San Diego, Mendocino, Alpine, Glenn, and Trinity counties. Wild turkeys are now present in 57 of 58 counties, with the highest numbers occurring in Butte, Calaveras, El Dorado, Mendocino, Nevada, San Luis Obispo, Shasta, Tehama, and Yuba counties. Many populations range on private land, but populations can be found on property owned or controlled by California Department of Fish and Game, the U.S. Forest Service, timber companies, the Bureau of Land Management, and public utilities such as Pacific Gas and Electric.

Hunting and Scouting Tips

BASIC TECHNIQUES

Although turkeys have certain patterns of behavior, turkey hunting is challenging because wild turkeys are extremely wary and are not totally predictable. Your success will depend on your selection of an area with good turkey numbers, your abilities to use your equipment, your willingness to adapt your hunting techniques to changing situations, your persistence, and a little bit of luck. Mr. Murphy plays a small role too sometimes.

SCOUTING

turkey trackThe first step in turkey hunting is to scout the woods before the season opens. You can start the scouting at home with topo maps and by using the phone to query state biologists on what areas to key in on. If you would like info on aerial photos, computer topo map programs and how to download free topo maps off the Internet I have this on my webpage here: aerial photos or topo maps. Turkeys favor certain areas and will use them year after year if the habitat does not change. A good time to scout in the spring is a week or two before the season, especially if the weather has turned warm which can trigger winter flock break-up and calling by gobblers. Your objective in scouting should be to identify those areas that turkeys frequent. These areas include roosting sites, feeding sites, dusting and strutting areas. Look for turkeys and turkey sign such as tracks, feathers, scratchings, dustings, and droppings. Look for dusting areas with tracks in them or roost trees with droppings and feathers under them. In dry areas, search around water sources for turkey tracks.

If you spend enough time scouting, you will become very familiar with the area and you may be able to determine regular movement patterns of the flock. The best times to look or listen for turkeys include the early morning hours from one-half hour before sunrise until mid-morning, and late in the evening as the turkeys go to roost. Resist the urge to call turkeys while scouting, you'll just educate the birds to your calls. You can shock call to get toms to gobble, but if you yelp up a tom, he'll remember the danger and probably not come to your call again.

tom turkey scatTurkey tracks that have a middle toe longer than 4 inches were made by an adult gobbler. Droppings of a Tom are usually long and J shaped, hen droppings are shorter. But, droppings from either can be soft without any definite shape. If leaves are turned over and the ground is moist, birds are using the area. Leaves will be piled directly behind a scratching turkey in a V shape, indicating the direction of travel. Look for turned over cow pies too, as the turkeys love to eat the beetles that congregate underneath the cow pies. Roost droppings look like someone shook a paintbrush of white paint out on the leaves. Dusting areas will have small bowls, or indentations, in the dust where the turkeys squat down to dust themselves. You may find some feathers in a dusting area because the birds like to preen themselves while dusting.

Although gobblers may roost or strut in different areas, you will learn the locations they use most often. If you do not hear gobblers calling, try a crow call, owl call, shock call or predator call in early morning or just before dark. Gobblers will often respond, giving away their location. This is an effective way to locate roosting sites for spring turkey hunting. While scouting, pay close attention to large trees that you may want to sit next to while hunting. Use this time to roughly measure distances for shooting zones. Also note the location of fences, ravines, dense brush or streams that may keep a gobbler from coming to your call during the season. If possible visit the area you will hunt a day or two prior to hunting. This will familiarize you with the land, and you can determine whether turkeys are still using the areas where you saw them earlier.

PLANNING

For fall or spring turkey hunting trips, use the information gathered during scouting trips to plan your hunting strategy before entering the field. Having a well-planned trip can mean the difference between an enjoyable and successful hunt or a disaster. A good safety precaution is to leave your hunting plan, including your location and estimated time of return, with someone at home. You can use a cellphone to call in your GPS coordinates if you have this toys available. If you have put a gobbler to roost the night before, you will know exactly where to set up in the morning.

CALLING TURKEYS

Researchers have identified at least 28 distinct calls in the wild turkey vocabulary. The most effective way to get within shotgun distance of a spring gobbler is to call him by reproducing the sounds a hen makes. These hen sounds can be made with your voice or with some type of turkey calling device. Commercially available turkeys calls fall into two broad categories: friction calls, which produce sound by rubbing two surfaces together; and mouth calls, through which air is inhaled or exhaled.

One other type of call, a shaker, produces gobbles when you shake it in a rapid motion. The easiest calls to master are the friction calls (for example, box, peg and slate, peg and glass, or push button). The major disadvantage is that you cannot hold a shotgun and work them at the same time. This is important because you may spook your wild bird when you put the call down and raise the shotgun. A second disadvantage is that most calls do not always work well if they get wet. Placing the friction calls in a loose plastic bag will allow you to operate them during wet conditions. Diaphragm mouth calls are popular among hunters. They are the most versatile calls but require much practice. They are unaffected by wet weather, allow the hunter to use both hands freely, and can be used without making any discernible movement.

Two other types of calls, the turpin call and the tube call, produce realistic calls, but require hand movement to operate. Shaker calls are the only ones specifically designed to produce realistic-sounding gobbles. No practice is necessary; the sound is the same each time you shake them. They produce only the gobble sound and are not usually considered a requirement for successful turkey hunting. The type of call used is less important than how well the hunter masters calling techniques. The best ways to learn turkey calling are to listen to live turkeys, an instructional tape, and/or an experienced turkey hunter. Turkeys have more than two dozen different calls, but the hunter will rarely notice more than about 10. There are 10 basic sounds the hunter should be able to recognize. Listed below are these sounds and how to use them.

  • Tree yelp. This is the first turkey sound heard in the morning. It is a slow, soft, nasal sound, consisting of three or four yelps made only at daybreak from the roost. It is made when turkeys are just becoming visible in trees It is a greeting call to make sure that all is well after a dark night of not seeing or hearing one another. This call can only be heard on still mornings in a roosting area. Tree yelps should be the first call made by a turkey hunter who has set up near a roosted turkey. This is where scouting really pays off. Click here to hear a tree yelp.
  • Plain yelp. The plain yelp is the one sound most people associate with turkeys. Turkeys use this sound to communicate with distant birds. The yelp is made by all turkeys in the fall, winter and spring. A yelp from a gobbler is lower pitched, more coarse, and less musical than from a hen. Click here to hear a tom yelp. The plain yelp is best used routinely throughout the morning while hunting. Plain yelps are usually done in a series of two to five in a row and always have a very even rhythm. Plain yelps will evoke a response from a spring gobbler and call him in if he is of a mind to come. It is the standard call when working a spring gobbler. Some hunters use it successfully with an occasional cluck. Click here to hear a hen yelp.
  • Cluck. The cluck has several meanings. The sound is a short, soft, single-syllable, non-musical tone. It is used to gain another turkey's attention. If used too loudly it will alarm turkeys. It can be used in the following manner: "cluck (pause briefly), cluck, cluck (pause), cluck (pause), cluck (pause), cluck, cluck." Its major use is to evoke an answering cluck from any nearby turkey. It works well because turkeys are curious about any other turkey sound. Some successful hunters use an occasional cluck with the plain yelp in this manner: "cluck (pause), yelp, yelp (pause), cluck, cluck (pause), yelp, yelp, yelp." Click here to hear a cluck.
  • Purr. There are 2 purrs used by hen and tom turkeys. The first purr is a soft fluttering call used by turkeys when communicating to each other, usually when they are content and relaxed. The second purr call is the fighting purr used when turkeys are posturing for a fight or agitated at something. Hunters often use purrs with clucks when gobblers are in close but not quite close enough. Click here to hear some purring.
  • Putt. This is a short, sharp, loud cluck. It sounds very similar to the cluck, only the cluck is softer and less distinct. It will not call in turkeys, but you should know the call when you hear it, because it is the worst sound a calling hunter can make. It is the alarm call of the turkey, and generally will be the last call you hear before a turkey departs.
  • Cackle. A cackle is an excited call of a hen and is often emitted when flying down from a roost. It is usually a series of 12 or more yelps which rise abruptly in pitch and cadence and then gradually decline in pitch and cadence. The fly-down cackle of the hen has been called the true mating call. Often the yelps are very short and staccato. Turkeys will also cackle when they fly over open water, fields or when jumping down off a deadfall or rock ledge. Another cackle is the assemble cackle made in the fall when the hen calls in the young poults. It's just a slowed-down version of the regular cackle. Click here to hear a fly down cackle.
  • Cut. A cut is a short, staccato yelp and is usually emitted by the hen in a series varying in length and cadence. It is often used by an aggravated hen as she defends her nesting territory from other hens, but it will often excite a gobbler. Sometimes used by lost or lonely hens who are searching for other turkeys. They are usually loud and aggressive and about 15 seconds in duration. Click here to hear some cutting.
  • Kee Kee Run. This is a call made by a lost young turkey trying to reassemble with its fall flock. It is a high-pitched "kee kee, kee" followed by a short, raspy yelp or two. Click here to hear a kee kee run call.
  • Hen Assembly. This call is made by an adult hen to gather her flock. It is a long series of yelps rising in volume and pitch and then declining. The series may be as long as 15-20 yelps.
  • Lost Call. The lost call is used by an adult of either sex who is looking for company. It will be a series of plaintive yelps and you'd better be ready, because they might just run in on you.
  • Gobble. The gobble has limited use and affects turkeys in two ways: hens hear a potential mate and gobblers hear a potential rival. Gobblers may investigate other gobbling in their vicinity and may fight uninvited gobblers. The gobble call will sometimes help you locate a gobbler but may not bring him into shotgun range. Extreme caution should be used when using a gobble call as it may attract other hunters into your calling territory, and you may find yourself being hunted by another turkey hunter. For that reason gobbles are not recommended while hunting but can be effective to locate roosting birds in the evening. Click here to hear a tom gobble.
  • Whine. The whine is a soft, high-pitched, drawn-out call of the hen, usually used in combination with putts and clucks. Click here to hear the whine call,
  • Spittin' and Drumming.This call is done by toms to attract hens for mating. The call is 2 notes, the first is the spittin' sound, "pffffft", followed by the vroom sound. Some hunters say the vroom sounds like an idling car muffler.

Beginners should keep several points in mind. It is better to call too softly than too loudly, to call too rarely than too frequently, and to perfect one or two calls rather than attempt some sound not yet mastered. Timing, or rhythm, can be more important than the actual quality of sound. Finally, remember that no two turkeys sound alike and what works on one gobbler might send the next one in another direction. If a gobbler will not respond to your call, change or vary your current calling technique.

Spittin Feathers Turkey Call Tapes and CDs, Vol. I -III. Mike Battey's most excellent audio cassette tapes and CDs. If you want to hear turkeys in the woods recorded in digital stereo, these are the recordings you want.

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CAMOUFLAGE

A wild turkey's eyesight is estimated to be about 10 times better than a human's. In addition, turkeys can distinguish color to some degree and are quick to spot unnatural colors in their environment. For this reason, turkey hunters should avoid clothing that will draw attention to them. The best camouflage clothing is both protective and comfortable. Many hunters make the mistake of camouflaging everything except their face and hands. This is a serious mistake because the face and hands reflect light, and they are the body parts a hunter is most likely to move. Face masks, gloves and camouflage make-up are most frequently used to camouflage the face and hands.

Face masks can obscure vision, cause glasses to fog, and lead to overheating. Facial greases tend to run if you get hot. Some new models of face masks have provisions for fitting around the frames of glasses, and are less likely to cause glasses to fog. Every hunter is different, and like most equipment, trial and error is the only means of determining the best combination. Gun camouflage is also important because the gun barrel reflects light. Camouflage tape and camouflage spray paint work well to mask the gun's shiny appearance. There are camouflage paints available for guns that can be removed after the turkey season is over.

FIREARMS AND PATTERNING

Shotguns. There is considerable difference of opinion on shotgun ammunition for turkey hunting. But there is no argument that the wild turkey is hard to bring down, and hunters have a responsibility to use loads powerful enough for quick and humane kills. Most experienced turkey hunters agree that the best turkey loads are 12 gauge 2 3/4 inch, 3 inch or 3 1/2 inch magnums of No. 4, 5 or 6 shot. The 12 gauge 3 1/2 inch and 10 gauge 3 1/2 magnums are increasing in popularity, because they can provide a few extra yards of range. But with these bigger magnums you get more recoil. You can add a Pachmayr "Decelerator" recoil pad to tame the nasty kick. The Remington 870 SPS-T™ Super Magnum and Mossberg 835 Ulti-Mag 12 gauge pump shotguns are favorites among many turkey hunters. The Remington 870 comes with a 23" barrel, camo, 2 beads, swivel studs and 2 turkey chokes. The Mossberg comes with a 24" backbored barrel, the receivers drilled and tapped for scope mounts, camo finish, 1 turkey choke, ambidextrous safety and have the fiber optic sights already installed.

Chokes and getting better patterns. Because of the small target, dense patterns which deliver most of the shot into the head and neck region are preferred. For this reason, full-choke barrels are used in most turkey guns. Also, installing a longer forcing cone and having your shotgun barrel "backbored" will help in tighter patterns. A fine gunsmith to have this gunsmithing work done is Gun Docc. There is also a good explanation of what "backboring" and longer forcing cones are on Gun Docc's webpage too.

Beads, scopes, and sights. A scope, open, fiber optic sight or front and rear beads are additions to your shotgun which might improve your aim. I've been using a Leupold 1 X 4 scope on my Rem 870 12 ga. for about 7 years now. Works great! It's really helped me look for a beard since they plant stockers out here in California and you can't shoot them the first year, they have to have a beard and F & G trims them off when they release them. And yes, I manage to call in at least one no shoot tom every year *L*. Some guys say they have trouble looking for the turkey's head, but if you keep both eyes open you still see everything. I've even shot geese with the scope on. The scope also helps judging distance with the heavy duplex reticule. The only drawback is when it rains, it can be a pain to keep the lens clear. Click here for more info and pics on mounting a scope to a shotgun.

Another plus is when the birds are in brush, you can pick out the longbeard and know when he's about to step out instead of having to make the decision as he runs across the opening. I carry the allen wrench to take the scope and mount off just in case and can go to 2 beads in a pinch. Never had a problem with Leupold scopes through the years, but ya never know. I leave it on 1 or 2 power and have had no problems with sun flaring it. I use the anti-glare honeycomb lens filters from Butler Creek and have never spooked a bird with scope flash,,,,,, yet. *L* It's kinda spendy to dish out $225.00 for a scope like this, but I use it on yotes and bobcats too.

A scope is also helpful in that it keeps your head down on the shot. A lot of turkey hunters miss because they lift their heads too soon to see the turkey. Other hunters like the "Tasco Red Dot" scopes which uses a red dot for the crosshairs. You can adjust the intensity of the red dot, but 1 drawback is these scopes run off a battery which can go dead at the worst moment. Another scope that is popular is the Simmons "Pro Diamond" which has a range diamond so you know when the turkey is in range. I use the B-Square scope mount on my 870, which straddles the shotgun receiver but can be rough on your hands while you carry it. I recommend using the Remington vent rib mount to mount your scope, which attaches to the vent rib with set screws and does not protrude around the receiver.

Tru_Glo makes fiber optic sights you can mount on your vent rib shotgun. Simple snap-on or magnetic installation, no screws required. These are some pretty slick sights, one of the best for low light shooting.

Target patterning. A new turkey hunter, or an old turkey hunter with a new shotgun, should spend some preseason time patterning his/her gun with various size shot to pick the best load for the gun. There are two important factors related to the way your shotgun shoots. What is the effective killing range of your gun and how many pellets will strike the vital neck and head region at various ranges. You should test your gun with both standard and magnum loads. Some shotguns shoot better patterns with standard loads than they do with magnums. Turkey shells usually come in 10 to box, so it can get expensive to buy a bunch to pattern. You can get 2 or 3 of your buddies to help out and buy a bunch of different shells since you will only need 3 or 4 to find your best results.

A person can make their own targets or purchase life-sized turkey targets. Place these targets at 20, 30 and 40 yards and shoot each size shell at each target. The objective to check your aiming point first and secondly to check your pattern on the target. You should do all your shooting from a sitting position as if you were turkey hunting. This will give you practice in judging actual turkey size at the various range and improve your aiming skills that will guarantee a quick, clean kill. One last tip that has cost many hunters a turkey is to practice shooting from both sides. Turkeys are not the most cooperative birds, and if the bird walks in on your off shoulder, it's almost impossible to swing all the way around to shoot them without spooking the bird. It will feel very awkward at first, but with practice you can become proficient enough to take what may be your only shot of the year.

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SPRING HUNTING TECHNIQUES

One successful technique that can greatly improve a turkey hunter's chance of locating a bird is "putting a gobbler to bed." During the early evening on the day before you are going to hunt, position yourself on a ridge or at the mouth of a canyon. Take out a crow call, owl call, gobbler box, or a predator call and give a call. If a gobbler answers, try to pinpoint his location, noting prominent features where the gobble seemed to come from. If time allows, move to another location and repeat this procedure. Get up early the following morning, well before sunrise, and sneak to within 100-150 yards of the gobbler's roost tree at about the same elevation. You should be in place at least one hour before sunrise. If you were unable to locate a roosted gobbler the night before, try again early the morning of your hunt. Listen for a gobbler when it gets light enough for song birds to begin singing, which is well before sunrise. If there are no gobblers calling try to shock one into gobbling with a loud owl hoot or crow call.

It is not advisable to use turkey sounds until you are concealed and ready. If you do not hear a gobbler, you should move to another area, watching for strutting gobblers, listening for gobbles, and trying shock calls to locate a gobbler. Do not sit all morning at one spot unless you are confident that gobblers frequent the area. Determining the exact location of a gobbler can be difficult. The distance the gobble can be heard and direction from which the sound seems to come are influenced by topography, wind direction and velocity, the direction in which the gobbler is facing, and the extent to which the new green foliage is out. Heavy foliage can act as a sound barrier. In most of the blue oak/grasslands and black oak/conifer habitats, turkeys roost in oaks below the ridge lines and out of the prevailing winds. If you hear a turkey gobbling from a roost site, remember that it is easier to call a gobbler up a hill than down one. In addition, if you try calling from too far away he might not respond, especially if he has a hen nearby. After locating a roosting bird, try to get within 100-150 yards in a suitable location to begin calling. Choose a calling site very carefully, as this will probably be the most important decision of the day's hunt.

Try to pick a spot that a turkey will most likely go, such as west of the roost where the gobbler can approach the site with the sun at his back. Keep in mind that gobblers like to show off to their hens, so a clearing that catches rays of the rising sun is a good bet for early morning calling. Also, make it easy for the gobbler to get to your calling location. Do not expect him to wade through thick brush or cross a fence or creek. Choose a site such as a large tree or rock where you have good visibility in all directions. It is critical to set up so that you are able to see the gobbler, identify your target, and have a clear shot. Start calling softly after legal shooting hours begin. A good first call is the "tree-yelp." This tells the gobbler that a hen is roosting nearby. When the gobbler hears it, he will often gobble back. When this happens, stop calling and get in position. Generally, within the next 10-15 minutes, you will either see or hear him.

You may be able to hear him fly down, and his gobbles usually sound farther away once he is on the ground. If he is within sight do not call or he might see you. If you give him time, chances are he will work right up to you. If you have positioned yourself up against a big tree or rock, wait until he is well within 40 yards before you shoot. If after about 10 minutes the gobbler does not answer your "tree-yelp," try a series of plain yelps and clucks. It may be that the gobbler you "put to bed" last night has already assembled with a group of hens. In this case, listen for gobbles and yelps. Remember that if a gobbler is already with some hens he may not gobble much and may not be interested in your calls. Aggressive calling to the hens can sometimes bring both the hens and the gobbler to you. If the birds are far away, move as quickly and quietly as possible to a place where the bird can be called. Once in place try clucking and purring. Sometimes the gobbler will come right away, other times he will wait, expecting the hen to come to him. If he does not come after 5 minutes and you know he is still in the area, try a few soft yelps, clucks and/or purrs. If your gobbler is still in the area but has not come to your call, try other calls such as a "cut" or "cackle" or any type of call that excites him to try to bring him into range.

Sometimes aggressive calling will work, other times soft, infrequent calling works better. Experiment with your own techniques. Many hunters use a decoy to entice a gobbler into gun range and draw his attention away from them. Hunters who use decoys will experience a variety of results. Some gobblers will fight with or try to mount decoys. Others will strut for hours around a fake hen. Yet, other turkeys will run in the other direction or hesitate when they first spot a decoy. If you can tell that a gobbler is moving away, one option is to try to get to where he is headed. If the gobbler is moving back and forth along a ridge or a fence, you may be able to move to a site along his track while he is at the farthest point from you. But, if you move too often, sooner or later you will find that the gobbler is where you just moved from. It often pays to stay in one location for at least 45 minutes to an hour. When a gobbler does come toward you, have your gun ready before he comes into view. You may want to rest your elbows on your knees while holding your gun.

You can lift your gun when a turkey walks behind a large tree, but watch for other turkeys with the gobbler that may see you move. Once a gobbler is in an open area in front of you, movement of your gun will send him flying or running, leaving you without a shot. Wait to see if the gobbler turns away while strutting, causing his tail to block his view of you. This is the time to move. Do not shoot while a gobbler is in full strut. A good opportunity is when he gobbles and his head and neck are held up away from his body If you are ready to shoot, a cluck on a mouth call will often bring the gobbler out of a strut. Shoot immediately when the gobbler's head is raised. When using a shotgun, as opposed to a bow, the head and neck are the only killing shots you have on a turkey, so make sure you have a clear shot at them before you squeeze the trigger. When you shoot a turkey, immediately move toward the downed bird.

Many times a turkey will only be stunned and will regain his senses and try to escape. By moving toward the bird you can cut the distance for a second shot if needed, or physically subdue the bird. Placing a knee on top of the bird and breaking its neck is a good technique. Use caution if you grab for the legs, because the spurs of the gobbler have injured many hunters. If your hunt does not go as expected, you are not alone. That is the challenge of turkey hunting. Keep trying. Persistent, patient hunters are the most successful. Turkey hunting is one of the finest woodland sports. The attraction is not based primarily on harvesting a wild turkey, but rather on the manner in which it is taken. Whether you carry a gun, a bow or a camera, few types of hunting in California require as much knowledge of animal behavior as locating a gobbler and then successfully calling him, to you. For those who have experienced it, the spring turkey hunt is often their favorite.

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FALL HUNTING TECHNIQUES

There has been a fall wild turkey hunting season in California since 1968. The fall turkey hunt is for either sex, and hunting techniques are quite different from a spring gobbler hunt. One of the more successful techniques is to locate and break up a fall brood flock, and position yourself where they were and call them back. Locating a brood flock often requires a great deal of time. However, local hunters and Department of Fish and Game personnel can assist hunters with information on flock locations. Large brood flocks, which are made up of hens and their young of the year, leave sign similar to that of spring turkeys, but on a larger scale. Look for tracks, droppings and the telltale feeding areas with oak leaves scratched in lines. Fall brood flocks are quite vocal, so listen for turkey talk as you scout for the flock. Once a flock is located, a good break-up of the flock is mandatory for a successful hunt with this technique. Many hunters rush the flock, shouting and waving their arms to startle the flock into scattering. Remember, do not run with a loaded gun in your hands. In many turkey ranges in California, the rocky terrain makes it dangerous to run at the flocks.

A well-trained dog can be used to break up the flock, but must be hidden in a blind during the hunt or removed from the hunt area. After you have broken up the flock, locate a calling site near the point of the break up. Wait about one-half hour or until you hear birds calling before you start to call them. The most frequently used call in the fall is the "kee kee run" or lost bird call. It is a high pitched "kee kee kee" in a series, usually followed by a yelp or two. Young birds will "kee kee" frantically and try to locate each other a short time after you have broken up the flock. By responding to this sound you can get them to approach within shooting range. Another call to try if the "kee kee run" is unsuccessful is a hen assembly call. This is the call of an adult hen gathering her flock. It is a long series of yelps raising slightly in volume and pitch and then declining in volume and pitch.

Hens will often use a series of 15 to 20 yelps for a gathering call. This will often lure a young bird within shooting range. A technique for locating fall flocks is to locate a roost by listening for soft yelps and birds flying into trees the evening before your hunt. If you can locate a roost, this flock can usually be scattered at day break. It is also possible to scatter roosting birds after shooting hours the night before in the same way you would during the day. This will separate the flock during the night, and reassembly will take place the next morning. Hunters have also had success calling gobblers and hens by locating their flock and reproducing the calls they are making. Young birds usually will return within an hour while an old gobbler may take 3 to 4 hours. Hens and their young tend to vocalize a lot as they return. Old gobblers tend to return silently. Often a gobbler flock will approach a coarse gobbler yelp to investigate the intruder. Another technique worth trying if you are working adults without young is to reproduce their call exactly and add more aggressive calls after each series. Successful fall gobbler hunting is difficult and requires a great deal of patience and knowledge.

Safety for Turkey Hunting

Surprisingly, most hunters involved in hunting accidents have many years of hunting experience. When interviewed, they cannot believe that it happened to them. It can happen to you. By being sure of your target and using the defensive measures outlined below, you can help ensure that you have a safe, quality hunt. All California hunters who have not held a California hunting license in a prior year must successfully pass a hunter safety course before purchasing a hunting license. Some prior license holders have taken the course as a refresher, often with their children. Turkey hunting safety depends on most of the principles taught in these courses, but there are many unique aspects of turkey hunting safety that all turkey hunters should also be aware of.

The National Rifle Association offers a turkey hunter safety education course and publishes the hunter's educational series which includes a book on wild turkey hunting. Contact the NRA for more information. Most hunting accidents can be prevented. Accidents happen when people disregard firearms safety fundamentals. Prevention involves knowing and obeying basic safety rules. If the three basic rules for handling firearms are followed most firearm-related tragedies could be prevented.

  • 1. Treat every firearm as if it were loaded. Always check to make sure the gun is empty; never take anyone's word that the gun is unloaded. Check for yourself, open the action, look, then leave it open. "I didn't know it was loaded" is no excuse.
  • 2. Always point the muzzle in a safe direction. Experienced hunters always handle a gun safely. They never let the muzzle point at anybody, including themselves. They also insist that everyone follow the same rules.
  • 3. Be sure of your target and beyond. Responsible hunters are certain of the target before firing. They never shoot at a sound. They never shoot at a patch of color. They never shoot at anything except what they are hunting, and only after they have made a positive identification. They will pass up a great trophy gobbler rather than make a mistake and cause an accident.

You must always be alert when handling firearms and while hunting. However, there are certain times when you must show extra caution:

  • 1) When carrying a firearm in rough terrain or obstacles. Be sure of your footing and always keep your firearm pointed in a safe direction.
  • 2) When you are tired after a day's hunt. Reserve enough energy to complete a safe hunt.
  • 3) When you first spot or think you have spotted a turkey. Do not rush into a careless shot.
  • 4) When hunting companions forget or ignore the safety rules. Immediately bring it to their attention.
  • 5) When carrying a turkey out of the field, use a field pack, a hunter-orange mesh bag or a hunter-orange ribbon to mark the bird. Do not carry the bird over your shoulder.
CAMOUFLAGE SAFETY

Hunter camouflage is an important part of hunting the wild turkey, but it may present a problem. The better you are camouflaged and concealed, the less likely another hunter will be able to see you. The proper way to notify an approaching hunter is to calmly and clearly speak to him. DO NOT move or wave. DO NOT use a turkey call to alert the hunter. If the other hunter does not respond to your first call, repeat louder to announce that you are near. Not everyone has good hearing, it is paramount in this situation to remain still until recognized by the approaching hunter To dress for success and safety follow these tips from the National Wild Turkey Federation:

  1. Never wear clothing that contains the colors red, white, or blue because they can be mistaken for colors found on wild turkeys.
  2. Be sure that the accessories you carry that are red, white, or blue (e.g. diaphragm calls, box calls, box call chalk, candy wrappers, apples, etc.,) are not visible to other hunters.
  3. Camouflage your gun. If not, at least cover up white diamonds or other red or white markings.
  4. Always keep your hands and head camouflaged when calling.
  5. Wear dark-colored socks and pants that are long enough to keep your bare skin from being exposed.
  6. Do not "over-camouflage" by sitting in vegetation so thick that it obscures your vision.
  7. If you use a man-made blind of camouflage netting, maintain a clear field of view.

Other safety measures you may wish to consider include:

  1. placing a blaze orange band around the tree you sit next to
  2. placing a blaze orange sign "Camouflage Hunter in Area-Be Careful" in your vehicle window
  3. wearing some blaze orange while moving from one spot to another
  4. showing blaze orange on your decoy and decoy bag while transporting.
CALLING SITE LOCATION

Calling site selection is very important for both turkey hunting success and safety. You cannot shoot a turkey you cannot see. Moreover, gobblers do not like dense, brushy areas where they cannot see potential trouble from natural predators. Use calling sites where you can see for 75-100 yards. Do not sit near the edge of a hill that you cannot see over; you may be surprised by a hunter. Sit against a tree, stump or rock wider than your shoulders. Turkey hunting involves making turkey sounds with various devices. Some require movement on the part of the hunter When shaking a gobbler tube call it may resemble the motion of a gobbling turkey, and in combination with the gobble sound may be misinterpreted by an overanxious turkey hunter. By choosing a large tree, stump or rock, slight movements will be shielded from view of hunters coming from behind who you may not detect.

DECOY-RELATED SAFETY

Decoys can be effective for bringing turkeys in close and taking their attention away from you, but caution should be used to avoid dangerous situations. Hunters may stalk your calls, see your decoy, and shoot at the decoy. If you are in line with the decoy you could be in danger. Follow these defensive hunting tips from the National Wild Turkey Federation:

  • 1. A decoy should never be visible while being transported. Never carry an uncovered (identifiable) decoy.
  • 2. Whenever possible, set up by a tree that is greater in diameter than the width of your shoulders.
  • 3. From your seated position, identify the clearest line of vision in front of you. Establish a "sight line" that allows you 100 yards visibility, Then set your decoy approximately 20 yards from your position on the line.
  • 4. Should you see another hunter, call out to them in a loud clear voice. Their presence has already compromised your location and an unintelligible response from you may only confuse them, rather than alerting them to your presence.
  • 5. If you are calling over decoys and then elect to move to a new location, check carefully to ensure that no one is stalking your decoys. Check before leaving your calling site location. Should you see someone in the area, rule 4 applies. You may also consider using one of the decoys that incorporate some blaze orange color into the wing and tail feathers.

CONTROLLING YOUR REACTIONS

Always be aware that the mind can sometimes cause a person to "see" what that person wants to see. Hunters may sometimes "see" wildlife where there is none. This ability of the hunter's mind to "create" a wild animal can be attributed partly to the strong desire to locate and bag game. The moment of high excitement is triggered as soon as a buck, bear, turkey or other game is seen, and it is in that moment of greatest excitement accidents can and do occur Peer pressure and overconfidence has been shown to play a part in your mental attitude, so reconsider each "opportunity" for a brief second and make sure of your target. Restrain your reflexes so you do not shoot without thinking. Here are some basic rules:

  • 1 - Never shoot at sounds or movements. Assume every sound you hear and movement you see is another human being until proven otherwise.
  • 2. Never shoot at a patch of color. Positively identify your target as a legal turkey first.
  • 3. Always positively identify any target before raising your gun, be certain it is legal game.
  • 4. Double check before you shoot. Consider placing a National Wild Turkey Federation "Hunt Safely" sticker on your gun's receiver to remind you to make absolutely sure.

International Hunter Education Association

Field Dressing a Turkey

Field dressing your bird allows the body to cool down as fast as possible. However, if you wish to document the weight, you should have your turkey weighed on a certified scale before you dress it. In any situation, it is important that you cool down the bird as fast as possible. Careless handling of wild game can result in spoilage. Turkeys that are not going to be mounted should be field dressed like any other upland game bird. This is done by cutting just above the vent to the brisket and removing the entrails. The heart, liver and gizzard should be separated from the entrails. Cut open the gizzard and remove the inner lining while it is warm. If you want to save these three organs, they should be placed in a ziplock plastic bag and cooled immediately.

You can clean turkeys much like you do ducks, geese, grouse and pheasants. The advantage to plucking is that you leave the skin on which keeps the bird from drying out while being cooked. Plucking turkeys in the field after field dressing is easier when the carcass is warm, and all wing and tail feathers can be removed by hand. When the carcass is cold, dipping the bird in scalding water helps feather removal. Skinning a turkey is cleaner and faster, but the meat may dry out when cooked. To keep the turkey from drying, cook it in foil or in a baking bag. Covering the bird's breast with strips of bacon during cooking will also reduce drying.

THE FEATHER DISTRIBUTION PROJECT

The Feather Distribution Project provides wild turkey feathers to the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Arizona for use in religious ceremonies. The Pueblos have used these feathers for over 1,000 years. I do not buy or sell feathers; all are given free as a gift to the Pueblos. However, I am happy to reimburse postage costs. The Project began in 1982 in response to requests from Pueblo men for feathers. To date we have distributed more than 2,500,000 wild turkey feathers free-of-charge to the Pueblos. Most have been donated by NWTF members, including more than a dozen on the Bowsite. Please send feathers to: Dr. Jonathan E. Reyman Illinois State Museum - Research & Collections Center 1011 East Ash Street Springfield, IL 62703-3535. We prefer plucked feathers. If you send whole tails, wings, or caped, please make sure that they are dried thoroughly before shipping. I suggest removing as much meat as possible and then drying them using borax for at least 30-45 days. Otherwise they tend to decompose and are wasted.

7/20/99 - I just thought I say thanks to those of you who sent feathers, wings, tails, beards, etc. We have received more than 400,000 feathers and have distributed most of them. We have about 50,000 still awaiting delivery. This is a vast increase over the 2,000-3,000 we distributed in 1982, our first year. One hunter sent 2 dozen fans accumulated over a decade or so; others sent as many as a dozen, and we also received more than 50 pairs of wings. The Pueblo Indians are delighted to have them and wish you all a successful fall hunt. The Feather Distribution Project is nearing the 5,000,000 mark in feathers distributed in 18 years of operation. You've made it possible. Thanks again, and good hunting. Dr. Jonathan E. Reyman

Field Dressing a Wild Turkey .... Article form bowhunting.net on how to clean your wild turkey.

How to Prepare Your Wild Turkey For The Taxidermist .... Great article by Larry Reese on how to prepare your wild turkey for a mount.

Scoring a Turkey

Any turkey is a magnificent bird and is considered to be a trophy However, some hunters like to compare their gobblers with others taken within their state or other states. The National Wild Turkey Federation developed a turkey trophy scoring system that would allow all gobblers to be compared against each other equitably. The scoring system is based upon three measurements - weight, beard length(s) and spur lengths. The formula for overall score is: weight (lbs. and oz.), plus 10 times spur lengths (right & left), plus 2 times the beard length. All measurements are recorded in sixteenths of an inch. Weight must be measured to the nearest ounce (for example, 22lbs. 3oz. = 22 3/16 points). Spurs must be measured along the outside center, from the point at which the spur protrudes from the scaled leg skin to the tip of the spur (for example, left spur 1 inch plus right spur 1 1/16 inches times 10 = 20 10/16 points).

Beard length is measured from the center point of the protrusion from the skin to the end of the longest bristle (for example, 12 2 /16 inches times 2 = 24 4 /16 points). Turkeys with multiple beards must have each beard measured and recorded separately. The total score for the turkey in the example would be 22 3/16 + 20 10/16 + 24 4/ 16 = 67 1/16. Weights must be from certified scales with a current seal from the Division of Weights and Measures, State Department of Agriculture. Pictures are required for the measurements of the spurs and the beard. In addition, the scores must be witnessed. To register your turkey, write Entry Rules & Application, National Wild Turkey Federation, P.O. Box 530, Edgefield, SC, 29824-0530 or telephone (803) 637-3106.

 

Turkey Hunting Gear List

You'll need Acrobat Reader to read and print this .pdf file gear checklist, you can get Acrobat at

Adobe reader

http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html

Please click the link below for a gear checklist you can print out.

http://www.jesseshunting.com/pdf/hunting-gear-list.pdf

 

Maps of Shooting Areas

Being a hunter and living in Southern California has its challenges. The biggest problem is knowing where you can legally discharge a firearm. Each county in California has its own firearms ordinance, so Netcomp creates its maps starting with the County Ordinance. There are also many other agencies involved such as Federal, State, County, City, BLM, Private, Fish and Game, OHV, Forestry, University, Indian and Preserves. The average hunter has no way of knowing which jurisdiction prevails. The collection of data we use tries to account for all these factors and agencies. With land ownership constantly changing, it requires us all to verify that one can discharge a firearm in that area before going hunting. JHO Sponsor.

You Might be a Turkey Hunter if ......

You have the Physic Turkey Hotline number in your phone's speed dial list,

You look down one day while on the scale and you notice you now have 3 toes,

You spent more money on turkey season than you did your wife's/husband's anniversary gift,

If people you work with still can't find where that noise is coming from,

If when eating, you scratch your plate, then peck at it,

The mailman goes out sick with a hernia after all your turkey hunting catalogs arrive,

You are oddly attracted to poultry farms,

Your dog and kids run at the sight of you pulling out another call,

You babble incoherently about a phantom tom from years past during family dinner gatherings,

You refer to your bedroom as the "Struttin' Zone",

Every spring your house sounds like a bird sanctuary with all the hooting, screeching and cawing,

Your trail mix is made out of whole corn, ticks, and wax worms,

You got excited when your wife's doctor told her to try using a diaphragm,

Your office or den looks like a war room with topo maps, aerial photos and notes slung everywhere,

You nearly cause a 3 car pileup while pulling a "u-ie" in the road to take another look at that black object in the field,

You molt,

If you have any "You Might be a Turkey Hunter if...", email us at Jesse's Hunting Page Bannerand we'll post them.

 

Relic's Top 10 Reasons Why He Has a Low Number of Turkey Kills

  • 10. My Mom was frightened by a gobbler when she was pregnant with me. But that was nothing compared to the fright she got upon first seeing me!
  • 9. Started turkey hunting late in life.
  • 8. Napped through several seasons.
  • 7. From the mid-sixties to the mid-eighties, the only wild turkey I was interested in came in a bottle.
  • 6. For many years I thought hunting TURKEY was a grade school geography drill.
  • 5. Palsy makes it difficult to hold the gun steady and adversely affects concealment efforts. Hopefully, someone will come out with a "Quaking Bush" camo pattern.
  • 4. Tobacco juice dissolved all my mouth calls.
  • 3. Can't move through the woods as quietly as I once did. Nowadays it's always left, right, walker ---- left, right, walker.
  • 2. Spastic colon and flatulence makes it hard to hide from birds and also curls the nose hairs of unfortunate hunters downwind.
  • 1. Every time I draw a bead on a bird my glass eye pops out !!!

Sayings Overheard in the Turkey Woods

I want him so close I can smell the grasshoppers on his breath.

The turkeys here have such long beards they have to walk backwards so they don't trip over them.

Turkeys can hear you think and see you change your mind.

A deer sees you and thinks you are a stump. A turkey sees a stump and think it's you.

Roosted ain't roasted.

I called like a hen in fishnet stockings and he still wouldn't come in.

Breath son, breath!

That sleazy no good hen cut me off.

The difference between a cluck and a putt is whether the turkey is coming or going.

Well. I called to him but he miscoursed me and went the other way.

Turkey Hunting Stories

Peyton Griffis of Colorado turkey hunting career goes back a ways and he recently told me a story of his late brother's turkey calling prowess. Peyton said his brother used to tell about setting up on a big gobbler and there was nothing to hide behind but a large log that was maybe 6 inches off the ground. He said his brother hunkered down behind that log and called that old gobbler in right up behind the log. Since he couldn't get his gun up, he had to grab him by the legs from under the log and he tried and tried to pull him under that log but there just wasn't enough room so he had to turn him loose and call him around the end of that log. "Must have been using a wingbone is all I can figure, heh,heh", Payton said.

If you have any turkey humor you would like to share here please email us at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner. Thanks!

Turkey Hunting Links

Ammo

Active Ammo .... is no longer in business. Kent Cartridges bought the company in 1997 and Kent does not make the nickel plated shells anymore, sorry.
Federal Ammo ....
HEVI-SHOT™ .... Revolutionary, non-toxic lead shot alternative. With HEVI-SHOT™ shells, you can shoot a smaller shot size with more lethality. More pellets at a higher energy means more knock-down power. This new shotshell pellet is actually heavier than lead with the hardness similar to standard steel shot. It is made from a tungsten alloy and the hardness and density allow hunters to use smaller shot sizes to get equivalent energy as in larger lead or steel pellets. Because the pellet is smaller, this allows for more pellet to be in a shotshell cartridge which makes for a denser pattern, increasing the likelihood of multiple hits on the target. Both penetration and retained velocity are also greater with these pellets. Darryl Amick, who holds the patent on the tungsten-nickel alloy used to make this new shot, said he set out to offer something heavier than lead that would be even more effective for hunters. "My passion for this product is that I hate the fact that we wound these birds, that we have to shoot steel. I'm also absolutely committed to making this product as inexpensive as possible, and we'd like to be significantly under the other non-toxic alternatives to steel," said Amick. "It's going to perform better. I don't think anyone can argue that. It's just a matter of keeping costs down so guys can afford it," said Amick. You will be hearing more about Hevi-Shot in the near future as it becomes available for both reloaders and in loaded offerings.
Kent Cartridge ..... IMPACT™ shot shells are specifically designed to deliver the pattern density and down range lethality required by dedicated turkey hunters. These loads may be used in any Nitro-proofed shotgun without fear of barrel or choke damage. Standard choke restrictions and lead shot size recommendations apply, including X-full Turkey.
Nitro Company Ammunition .... They carry shells loaded with Hevi-Shot. Turkey loads are made with a new high tech buffer. Special formula coating to protect your barrel from scoring. Available in shot sizes: 2x5x7 and 4x5x7 (more being developed). Hit the duck/goose link on the webpage to find the shells.
Remington .... Guns and ammo.
Winchester Ammo .... Makers of great ammo.

Blinds

The All-Terrain Umbrella Blind .... The All Terrain Umbrella Blind is a uniquely designed and patented camouflage blind that can be set up quickly and quietly, camouflaging the person or persons behind it.
Ameristep Pop-Up Blinds .... Portable camo blinds.
Avery .... Cerex and burlap camo blind material.
Bowsniper Blind Co. ....Compact blinds that mount to a shotgun or bow.
Buckwing ..... They make blinds, archery gear and camo umbrellas.
Double Bull Archery L.L.C. .... Makers of the popular ICE Blind, a portable camo blind.
GameTracker Portable Pop Up Hunting Blind ....
High Racks
.... They have brackets for hunters to effectively add branches and camo to any stand, blind or hunting location with ease.
Hunters Equipment
.... They offer a full line of deer stands, game blinds, and game feeders.
Hunters Specialties (H.S.) .... They have burlap, nylon and Cerex camo blind material and portable hunting blinds.
Invisiblind .... Portable camo blind.
Isometric Hunting Blinds .... Portable hunting blinds.
Klinger Pop Top Blind ....
Little Big Horn .... Camo tree blinds and Pac-Lounge.
Quick Pro Blinds
.... Portable hunting blinds.
Oak Hollow Products .... Portable hunting blinds. 309 Old Highway 9, Waukon, IA 52172 (319) 568-4075. You can order the blinds here.
P & M Concealment Products Inc. .... Portable blinds.
Ultimate Hunting Blind
.... Portable and expandable hunting blinds.
Underbrush
.... Portable blinds and 3-D Leafy Camo Wear.
Wolf Den Hunting Products .... Portable hunting blinds.

Bow Equipment

A.I.M. Bows .... Samick and InterNature bows.
Archery Headquarters .... Out of business.
Arrowdynamic Solutions .... Makers of the Gobbler Guillotine.
Bowsite's Arrow Building Tutorial .... Great place to learn how to crown dip your arrows and much more.
B&B Archery and Bowhunting Books .... Books and videos on archery and bowhunting.
Bear Archery
.... Makers of excellent bows and bow equipment. Fred Bear is a legend of the bowhunting world.
Ben Pearson Bow info .... Great place to look up info on old Ben Pearson bows, broadheads, arrow boxes and logos.
Black Widow Bows .... Fine bows and arrows.
Bowhunters Discount Warehouse .... As of 7/2001 their website is closed.
Bowhunter Magazine  .... The site of the number one bowhunting magazine.
Bowhunting.net .... The Bowhunting Netcenter.
Bowsite .... If you're a bowhunter, this is one place you have to check out.
Don Brown Traditional Archery ....
California Archery Web .... Webring of California archery shops.
Custom Feathers .... David Mitchell. 6117 Highway 190, Chillicothe, MO 64601. Phone #s: 660-646-6630 (Work), 660-646-0469 (Home-eves.), 660-646-9703 (FAX), & 1-888-353-8246 (Orders only). He makes custom arrows using fresh turkey wing primaries and some secondaries. Most fletching is natural, but he'll custom dye colors on large orders. He also buys wings, fans, and beards, so you might be able to work a trade.
Dink's Feather Shop .... They make custom arrows and sells supplies. Murraysville, WV. Ph # 304-273-3485.
Easton .... Fine arrows and other gear.
edersbow .... Online bowhunting magazine.
The Essentials Of Archery .... Original printing 1942 (This document has been liberally transcribed from the 1953 edition). "How to Use and Make Bows and Arrows" by L. E. Stemmler , Manorville, L.I., N.Y.
EXTERIOR BALLISTICS OF BOWS AND ARROWS .... By W. J. Rheingans.
Game Tracker
.... String tracking system. 3476 Eastman Drive Flushing, MI 48433 Phone (800)241-4833 Fax (810)733-2077
Hidden Wolf Woolens .... Sorry folks, this company closed the middle of 2000.
High Mountain Archery Equipment Sales .... they carry Gold Tip, Bow Tech, Champion, PSE, Jennings, Hoyt, Golden Key, Sims, Archers Choice, and many other quality products.
How to strip turkey feathers .... If you want to make your own barred feather fletchings.
Hoyt USA Bows
.... Makers of fine bows and bowhunting equipment.
International Bowhunting Organization .... The IBO is a non profit organization founded in 1984. Their intent is to provide a means by which all persons, interested in the sport, can unite to ensure ours and our children's rights to the pursuit of bowhunting.
Jackson's Archery and Hunting Page .... Check out this San Diego California bowhunters website. Lots of good info and links here.
Magnus Broadheads ....
Martin Archery .... Good bows.
The National Archery Association .... National governing body for U.S. Olympic archery.
Primitive Archer ..... Good forum and quarterly magazine.
Professional Bowhunters Society
....
PSE Archery .... Bows and other archery gear.
RibTek Broadheads .... Good tough broadheads.
Slick Trick Broadheads ....
Stickbow
.... Your traditional archery connection.
Tammy Jo's Archery Supplies .... Custom flemish-twist bowstrings for recurves and longbows.
Trackmaster Arrow Tracking System .... Radio signal arrow recovery system.
Traditional Bowhunter Magazine .... 6 issues per year of good traditional bow info.
Zwickey Broadheads ....

Top of Document

Calls

Adventure Game Calls ....
American Friction .... Bruce Wurth from Suisun, CA . Quality products like the award winning CUT-N-PADDLE paddle box call .The CUT-N-PADDLE paddle box or the CUT-N-PURRFECT glass will be the best sounding call you will ever own!
Bald's Calls .... Wingbones, Turpin yelpers, tube calls and scratch boxes by Don Bald of Lebanon IL.
Boss Calls ....
The Box Call Page .... Chris (Bamaflier's) great webpage on box calls. The history behind them, how to make them and more. If you like to make turkey calls, please visit Bama's webpage and join his call maker network. Thanks.
B & R Game Calls .... Diaphragms, Tube Calls, Friction Calls, Game Calls, Hunting Videos & More
Bud & Betty Turkey Calls .... Russell Lynch has some nice calls here.
Buice Wild Turkey Calls .... Billy Buice. Canton GA. PH# 770-735-2645. Custom box calls and trumpet yelpers.
Cabela's
.... One of the biggest retailers of outdoor and hunting gear. They have calls, decoys, shells, sights, blinds camo and tons more.
Callers Choice Turkey Calls ....
Call "Purr"fect Turkey Call Kit .... If you want to make your own mouth diaphragm calls, this is the place to go.
Cannon Country Game Calls Inc. .... 1 888-881-3415.
Chestnut Ridge Wild Turkey Calls ....
Cody Turkey Calls .... 1981 was the start of a new beginning in the turkey call industry. The idea of building slate and glass calls with wooden pots went from one man's dream to reality. Bill Zearing realized that like a good violin or guitar, a quality turkey call should be made of wood, not from plastics or other synthetic material.
Custom Calls Online
.... Basil Ammerman "True Lure - Wild Call", Don Carter "Singin Sams Turkey Calls", David W. Collins "Yelper's Yelpers", Dave Constantine "Custom Wild Game Calls", Jerry Epple "Lonesome Tom Products", Scott Hunt, Lanny "Turkey King", Kyle "Turkey King Products", Craig Lariscy "Osceola Calls", Paul Meek "Wildlife Art Series Turkey Calls", Tim Mooney & Jess Hayes "Mooney & Hayes Turkey Calls", Kenny Morgan "Morgan's Turkey Callers", Ralph Permar "Custom Wild Turkey Calls", Dennis Poeschel "Wildfowl Game Calls", Ron Shealer "Triple Gobble Turkey Calls", Durk Stark "Custom Wingbones by Durk", Curtis Terrell Jr. "Old Pro Turkey Calls", Doug Totty Jr. "The Eastern Assassin", Chris Utke "Tribute Custom Calls", Dan West "The Gobbler Getter".
Custom Sawing .... Quality wood, kits, parts and supplies for making turkey calls.
Custom Wingbones by Durk .... Fine wingbone yelpers.
Dad's Calls .... Jerry White maker of custom turkey calls, known as Dad's Calls. Jerry handcrafts long box, collectors and slate turkey calls.
David Collins' Yelpers .... Fine yelpers from David Collins Rowanty Creek Calls in Petersburg Virginia.
David Constantine Wild Game Calls .... You have to stop by this website and see David's awesome work.
Delta .... Turkey calls to help lure in that big gobbler.
Dry Dog Ridge Wing Bone Turkey Calls .... Dennis Behm has some fine wing bone yelper calls here.
Kent Freeman Wildfowl Carvings and Calls ....
Gene's Turkey Calls .... Gene has mouth calls, friction calls and locator calls with "Service and Prices that won't ruffle your feathers".
Grassy Creek Game Calls .... Offer many call kits and parts for the call maker, such as pot style kits, box call kits, striker material in carbon, fiberglass, acrylic and any species of wood. We offer friction surfaces in aluminum, copper, glass and Pennsylvania slate in many sizes.
Hooks Custom Calls .... Fine turkey calls from Arkansas.
JHO Custom Turkey Calls .... Custom calls from JHO and other fine turkey call makers in our online store.
Jim Groenier's How to Make a Wingbone Yelper Page ..... Jim from Oregon Wisconsin has a great page on how to make a yelper and some ideas on how to snazzy up your call.
Haydel's Calls ..... Website in no longer up. Try 5018 Hazel Jones Rd. Bossier City, LA. 71111. PH# 318 746-3586.
IHW Custom Calls .... Fine hand made calls from Irving Whitt in Greenwood, South Carolina.
Hunter Specialties (H.S. Strut) .... Camo, turkey calls and more.
JHO Online Store .... Hunting gear
Johnny Stewart Wildlife Calls ....
Legacy Calls .... made by Wil Terry. Mouth calls and glass and slate calls. 2211 Ogden Rd. Rockhill,SC 29730. PH# (803) 328-6829. Toll Free: (877) 834-5372.
Lights Out Custom Calls .... Great turkey calls by Wendell Rye from Arkansas.
Lohman Calls .... Great turkey calls. Buy them at Bass Pro or Cabela's. 4500 Doniphan Dr., Neosho MO 64850. PH# 800-922-9034.
Knight & Hale Game Calls .... Excellent calls for turkey, elk, varmints, waterfowl, hogs, and deer.
M.A.D. Calls .... Mark Drury from Mo. Buy these calls from Bass Pro or Cabela's.
M. L. Lynch Calls .... Famous for their calls.

Morgan Turkey Calls
 

Ozark Ridge Calls .... Billy Green of Lebanon Mo. has some calls here. Check out his push button call. P.O. Box 802, Lebanon, Mo 65536. PH# 417-532-4188.
Paul's Calls
.... Hand-carved box calls by Albert Paul. Some of the best out there.
Penn's Woods Calls ....
Perfection Turkey Calls .... P.O. Box 164, Stephenson, VA. 22656. 1 800-422-9357.
Peters Game Calls .... Peters Game Calls is a small, family business that emphasizes quality not quantity. They specialize in finely crafted suction yelpers and friction callers.
Peyton's Putter .... an original cedar box call from Peyton Griffis of Pueblo Colorado. Peyton likes the higher frequency box calls.
Pioneer Enterprise Inc. .... Ron Epply. Bulk material to make your own mouth calls. They carry latex at about $0.09 cents apiece. Comes in thicknesses from condom to .005. They have the frames and tape also. 1008 Pinetown Road Lewisberry, Pa. 17339 Phone # (717) 938-9388. They DO NOT take credit cards so order early.
Dennis Poeschel Field Grade Box Calls ....
Poor Valley Benchmade Turkey Calls .... Great turkey calls from Jerry French from Rolla MO.
Preston Pittman ....
Primos Hunting Calls .... Website coming soon.
Quaker Boy Game Calls ..... Wholesale Hunter carries the Quaker Boy line of calls.
Reece Turkey Calls .... They make the "Passion Player" box call.
River Valley Game Calls .... Ray Smith from Linden Pennsylvannia has some fine turkey calls here.
Robert's Brother Turkey Calls .... 3760 Old Oakwood Road. Oakwood, Georgia 35066. PH# (770) 536-7374. Fax (770) 536-5632.
Ross Custom Calls .... Jeremiah Ross from Rochester Pennsylvannia has some fine box calls here.
Roy Rhodes Championship Calls
....
Ron Shealer's Custom Calls .... Fine trumpet yelpers, box calls and tube calls.
Super Yelper Turkey Calls .... Richard M. Shively from Stephens City, VA. They have a push pin call and two scratch box calls.
Supreme Turkey Calls .... Steve Reeves. 5441 Ocumuglee East Blvd, Macaon , GA, 31217. PH# 478-741-1542. They make the Strut Buster , Bearded Lady and Double Suicide slate calls.
Sure-Shot Game Calls ....
Top Calls .... Eric S. Thomas
Turpin Custom Game Calls .... Fine Turpin style yelpers by Steve Turpin. 4911 Essexshire Ave. Memphis,TN. 38117.PH# (901-685-0766). Email is gamecallmaster@aol.com.
Al Willis Custom Calls .... Al Willis has been making calls since the late 70's. Started out as Al Willis Turkey Calls. Changed the name to Keowee Game Calls in the mid 80's. Also hand makes Al Willis custom calls. Woods used in custom calls include: cherry, holly, ebony, walnut, mahogany, eastern red cedar, butternut, applewood, mimosa, black locust & willow. 20 calls made signed & numbered out of citrus orange. Al Willis makes the boat paddle box, one-sided box & regular box. Also hand makes double slate (hand turned) and glass over slate. Matched sets - boat paddle & regular box. Email is Alwilliscalls@cs.com
Vector Calls .... Great turkey and deer calls from Vincent Crawford in MO.
Woodhaven Custom Calls .... They make good friction and mouth calls.
Woods Wise .... P.O. Box 681552 (S7), Franklin, TN 37068. PH# 800-735-8182.

 

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Camo and Clothing

10X Wear .... Camo
Advantage Camo ....

Aervoe-Pacific Co. .... Camouflage paint in all the military colors. Best supplier I've found for painting your equipment. P.O. Box 483, Gardnerville, NV., 89410, ph# 800-227-0196.
ASAT Camo ....
Beartooth Products .... 3 piece camo kit for shotguns.
Brigade Quartermasters .... Outdoor gear, military issue gear, GPS, everything you need.
Bug Out Outdoorwear .... Bug nets and suits.
Bushlan Camo .... Camo clothing.
Bush Rag Camouflage Systems .... Camo ghillies.
Camo Skin .... Removable camo overlays for shotguns.
Camovision Eyewear .... You can see out, game can't see in. UV protected, patented, durable frames. I tried a pair of these and I found they kept the sun out real good but it was like looking through a thick screen door. Too distracting for me.
Columbia Sportswear Co. ....
Desert Shadow Camo .... Mafe by King's Outdoor World, this camo is great for the western hunters.
DK Flatwoods Camo .... 3D camo
DownWind 3D Camo ....
Hidden Wolf Woolens .... Quality, Service, Dedication- Unexcelled -For your camouflage clothing needs.
Image Country Camouflage .... Camo.
Lacrosse .... Excellent boots and waders.
LongBeard Industries L.L.C. .... Makers of the "The Backpack Recliner" .
C. C. Filson .... For 102 years, Filson has been supplying rugged clothing for extreme conditions out of doors.
Mossy Oak .... America's most effective concealment system.
Natural Gear Camo ....
Polar Wrap .... Great clothing to keep your face and head warm.
Predator Camo ....
Permanone .... Spray this on your clothes to kill ticks, chiggers and other bugs. Not a repellent like "Off" or "Repel", it actually kills the darn creepy crawlies. PERMETHRIN is the generic name of the active ingredient. It is a natural pesticide from pyretherum (African flower in the daisy family) and the active ingredient is permanone. It is used on cloths only because if applied to the skin, it mixes with oils and sweat and becomes useless. It is harmless but some people may be sensitive to it. It goes by several brand names, Permanone being the most common. Once applied properly, it binds to the fabrics and lasts a minimum of two weeks, even through several washings. Another brand is called Duranon.
Ranger Joe's .... Military, Law enforcement and outdoor gear.
Rancho Safari .... Camo ghillies.
Raven Wear Canada Ltd. ..... Extreme cold camo clothing.
Realtree .... Excellent camo.
Rightnour Manufacturing Co. Inc. (RMC) .... Archery and Muzzleloading supplies, turkey vests, unique Non-Typical shotgun sling.
Scent-Lok .... Camo clothing and scent control suits.
Schnee's Boot's .... These guys make the best cold weather elk boots I've ever owned. I like the 'air bob' soles.
Sleeping Indian Design .... Wool and cotton camo clothing
Stick N' Limbs Camo ....
Trebark Camo ....
Underbrush .... Portable blinds and 3-D Leafy Camo Wear.
Woolrich .... Fine wool clothing.

Chokes

Ballistic Specialties .... Angle Porting chokes.
Briley Chokes ....
Carlson's ....
Comp-N-Choke
.... Screw-in shotgun choke tubes with Slot-Ported Braking Systems
Hastings Chokes .... PH# 913-632-3169.
Indian Creek Shooting Systems .... Great turkey chokes.
Johnny's Shotgun Chokes and Forcing Cones
....
Kick's .... They make the famous "Gobblin' Thunder" choke.
Patternmaster ....
Primos Jellyhead Choke ....
Rhino Chokes .... 21027 NE Highway 27, Williston, FL 32696. PH# (800) 226-3613, (352) 528-6110, FAX: (352) 528-4111. Contact: Janet Morales or Joe Morales. E-mail: rhinoman@atlantic.net.
Seminole Gunworks .... Seminole specializes in the making of precision choke tubes for most makes and model of shotguns.
Shotgun Customizing .... by Curtis Wilbanks aka; Gun Docc. Whether you are a turkey hunter who wants the ultimate turkey gun capable of 90% or better patterns at a distance of 40 yards, or a deer hunter who wants the ultimate buckshot gun capable of placing all the pellets in a 14 to 20 inch pattern at a distance of 40 yards, I can help you to achieve this goal through my customized shotgun work. I have been customizing shotguns for over 19 years.
Trulock Chokes .... Manufacturers of superior shotgun chokes.
Wad Wizard .... is an improved line of shotgun choke tubes for hunting, clay target shooting and law enforcement purposes, which is manufactured of high quality materials, with top-notch workmanship and great attention to quality control standards.

Top of Document

Decoys

Advanced Decoy Research .... Great motion units for turkey and predator decoys.
BuckWing Products .... Out of business.
Carry-Lite Decoys .... 5203 West Clinton Milwaukee, WI 53223 Phone (414)355-3520 Fax (414)355-4775.
Decoy Heart .... This is an independent power source that can be used in all lightweight decoys that will create lifelike movement. It creates feeding and breeding movements in turkey decoys.
Delta .... Turkey decoys to help lure in that big gobbler.
Expedite Moto Magnet II Motion Systems .... Add remote control motion to your decoy with this "AA" powered unit.
Featherflex Decoys .....
Flambeau Decoys ....
Hidden Valley Inflatable Decoys .... If you need some room in your pack, check out these new dekes that fold up into a ball in your hand.
Higdon Motion Decoys .... Uses a lightweight and rugged one piece frame and coil spring neck and pull cord.
M. L. Lynch Decoys ....
Outlaw Decoys .... Turkey, goose and duck decoys.
E.J. Sceery Decoys .... 1 (800)-327-4322.
Dave Smith Decoys .... Great turkey decoys.
Tru-motion Decoy Systems ..... Whether you are looking for realistic flying motion decoys or life-like motion in your field and water decoys, TruMotion has the solution to your problem.

Feeders and Food Plot Supplies

American Hunter Feeders and Blinds ..... Feeders and tripod stands.
Hunters Equipment .... They offer a full line of deer stands, game blinds, and game feeders.
Kenco Game Feeders .... Game feeders.
Moultrie Feeders .... Game feeders.

Gear

Bass Pro Shop .... One of the biggest hunting and fishing gear suppliers. Stop by one of their 'Outdoor World' stores, you'll be amazed. They have calls, decoys, shells, sights, blinds camo and tons more.
Brigade Quartermasters .... Outdoor gear, military issue gear, GPS, everything you need.
Cabela's .... One of the biggest retailers of outdoor and hunting gear. They have calls, decoys, shells, sights, blinds camo and tons more.
Crooked Horn Outfitters .... Packs, Slide And Flex Bino-System, bow sling and hook, spotting scope case and more. 
Herb's Leatherworks .... If you like quality hand made leather quivers then take a peek at these fine quivers from Herb at Herb's Leatherworks.
Lacrosse .... Excellent boots and waders.
Levergun Leather Works .... Great handmade leather pouches, cases, rifle butt holders, slings, knife cases and sheaths, rifle scabbards and more from "Lever" at Levergun Leather Works
Midwest Turkey Call Supply .... Everything you need for turkey hunting.

Being a hunter and living in Southern California has its challenges. The biggest problem is knowing where you can legally discharge a firearm. Each county in California has its own firearms ordinance, so Netcomp creates its maps starting with the County Ordinance. There are also many other agencies involved such as Federal, State, County, City, BLM, Private, Fish and Game, OHV, Forestry, University, Indian and Preserves. The average hunter has no way of knowing which jurisdiction prevails. The collection of data we use tries to account for all these factors and agencies. With land ownership constantly changing, it requires us all to verify that one can discharge a firearm in that area before going hunting. JHO Sponsor.
Ranger Joe's .... Military, Law enforcement and outdoor gear.
Reese Outdoors Turkey Tote .... Carry that gobbler the easy way with the over the shoulder tote made of parachute cord. 
REI ....The biggest outdoor store on the net.
Schnee's Boot's ....These guys make the best cold weather elk boots I've ever owned. I like the 'air bob' soles.
Shomer-tec .... Law enforcement and military equipment. Box 28070, Bellingham, WA. 98228 ph# 360-733-6214. Call for free catalog.
Snapshot Sniper Digital Game Camera Scouting System .... Save yourself hours of scouting in the field. With the Snapshot Sniper Digital Scouting System, you will have the advantage you have been looking for when scouting your favorite hunting area. With the use of a technologically advanced motion detection system to trigger the game camera, you can monitor activity night and day. By positioning the deer cam near a trail, feeder, stand, or water you will have the advantage of knowing what different types of animals are visiting these areas. The scouting camera also will capture the date and time of the event so you will know exactly when the activity is taking place in your area.
Uncle Lee's Wing Supply .... PH# 1-800-388-9464 for your free catalog. They have GPS, clothing, and turkey and duck hunting equipment.
U.S. Cavalry .... World's finest military and adventure equipment.

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Guides, Outfitters, Hunting Lodges and Ranches

If you know of any other quail hunting clubs or ranches please e-mail us at Jesse's Hunting Page Bannerand we will update the listing. This listing is for informational purposes only. No endorsement is implied from JHO. CAVEAT EMPTOR!!!

Berry Guide Service .... 2312 Castro Lane, Bakersfield, CA. 93304. PH# (661) 397-7008. Contact: Mike Berry. 28 miles NE of Bakersfield. Established 1979. 1,000 acres. Public member on site clubhouse, lodging, meals. Shoots: field. Birds: dove, quail, turkey. Dogs available. Packages: 1 Day.
Blue Ridge Guide Service .... Call Bill Sweetser for quail, turkey, bear, bobcat, and deer in the southern Sierra Mountains of California. 2 hours north of Los Angeles. PH# 661-539-5102.
Boaring Experiences Unlimited .... P.O. Box 398, Atascadero, CA 93423. PH# (805) 461-0294 Contact: Kyler Hamann. 200 mi. N of Los Angeles. 52,000 acres. Public on site lodging, meals, clays. Shoots: field. Birds: dove, quail, turkey. Dogs available. Packages: 1 Day, 1-10 guns.
Bryson Hesperia Resort ....
Cary Jellison .... He is an outstanding guide with great properties. Auburn Ca. PH# 530-885-1492
Eagle Peak Ranch and Pheasant Club .... Pheasant, chukar and spring turkey hunting on 120 acres near San Diego. Manager is Jason Caringella. Ph #619-448-1679.
Lakeview Farms, Inc. .... 5490 Riosa Rd. West, West, Lincoln, CA. 95648. PH# (530) 633-9112. Contact: Donald Norris. 20 mi. NE of Sacramento. 1,000 acres. Member only on site clubhouse, lodging. Shoots: field, blinds. Birds: quail, pheasant, chukar, turkey, ducks, geese. Dogs available. NAGA.
Larry Lowell .... Bear and turkey hunts in SoCal. PH# (760)963-9790.
My Country Club .... Hunting club near Lake Henshaw, Santa Ysabel CA. Dove, turkey and deer hunts offered. Fishing, camping and and cabins at nearby Lake Henshaw. Beautiful mountain setting. PH# 760-782-3487.
Pusch Ridge Outfitters .... If you would like to hunt the Gould's Turkey in Mexico, we are offering this same hunt for April and the first week of May in 2001. The hunt is for 3 days, and sells for $1650.00 including the license and tag! We supply the shotguns and ammo, so it's not necessary to obtain a gun permit. If you wish to take an additional bird, all you need is the $100 license fee and pay a $500 trophy fee after the kill! If you are interested, please let me know ASAP, as we will only take a limited number of hunters. Kirk Kelso Pusch Ridge Outfitters. e-mail kirkkelso59@aol.com
Rancho San Julian Outfitting .... Historic 20,000-acre land grand on the Central Coast that has been in the same family ownership for over 140 years. 1527 Kowalski Avenue, Santa Barbara, CA. 93101. Brady Daniels. PH# 805-878-5958 or 805-560-6582.
Red Bank Ale & Quail Gamebird Club .... PO Box 8295, Red Bluff, CA. 96080. PH# (530) 529-9435, 8am-5pm. Contact: Brian Riley. 170 miles N of San Francisco. Established 1976. 5,000 acres. Public on site clubhouse, lodging, meals, clays. Shoots: field, blinds. Birds: dove, quail, pheasant, turkey. Dogs Available, HDW. Packages: 1 Day, up to 22 guns.
Richmond Hunting Club .... We are a "non-profit" organization offering approximately 20,000 acres in California to hunt Upland Game and Water Fowl with several localized club houses. All hunting areas are posted and patrolled. You can be a member for a low initiation fee of $200 and seasonal dues of $375.

Jimmy Rizzo .... No longer guiding.
Shasta Outfitters .... John Drew has good turkey hunting in northern California.
South Butte Gun Club .... 6790 South Butte Rd., Sutter, CA. 95982. PH# (530) 755-0524. Contact: Larry Mungier. 160 miles N of San Francisco. 4,000 acres Public member on site clubhouse. Shoots: field. Birds: quail, pheasant, chukar, Huns, turkey. Dogs available, HDW. Packages: 1 Day NAGA.
Stillwater Sportsmen's Club .... 7010 Hunting Club Rd., Anderson, CA. 96007. PH# (530) 365-6845. Contact: Doyle & Laurel Besecker. 160 miles N of Sacramento. Acres 1,500. Members only. Shoots: field, blinds. Birds: dove, quail, pheasant, chukar, Huns, turkey, ducks. Dogs Available,HDW.

Tejon Ranch Company .... 1 hour north of Los Angeles off I-5. Contact Don Geivet at PH# 661-248-6774 or Sandy at 661-248-6775.
Timbuctoo Sporting Estate .... 625 Bridge St., Yuba City, CA. 95991. PH# (530) 639-2200. Contact: Donna Rauser. 50 miles NW of Sacramento. Established 1988. 6,000 acres. Public on site clubhouse, meals, clays. Shoots: field, driven, blinds, boat. Birds: quail, chukar, Huns, turkey, ducks. Dogs Available, HDW. Packages: 1/2 Day, 1-8 guns.

Wilderness Unlimited .... 20974 Corsair Blvd., Hayward, CA. 94545. PH# (510) 785-4868. Anytime Fax (510) 785-4868. Locations throughout CA and OR. 200,000 acres. Member only on site clubhouse. Shoots: field, blinds. Birds: dove, quail, pheasant, chukar, turkey, ducks, geese.
Wingshooters Lodge .... Based in Cuidad Obregon Mexico. Gould's turkey hunt. Owners Ruben Del Castillo and Miguel Pugh. For information, call or e-mail George Wright, Kentucky State Turkey Biologist. He books for them. Email: Gobble@ziggycom.net

Guns & Gun Supplies

Americase .... Gun cases since 1985.
Beretta .... Firearms.
Boyt Harness Co. .... Gun cases.
Ed Brown Products .... High performance bolt-action rifles and 1911 handguns for those who expect the best.
Brownells .... Great supplier of gun parts.
Browning .... Firearms.
B-Square .... has been manufacturing and marketing a full line of premium quality scopes mounts, accessories and gunsmithing tools for over 40 years.
CanjarTriggers ....M. H. Canjar Co. 500 E. 45th Ave.,Denver, CO 80216, Voice: (303) 295-2638.
Doskocil .... Gun cases.
E.A.R. Hearing Protection and Hearing Aids .... Protect your precious hearing with these fine quality ear plugs.
Galati International.com .... Your number one source for shooting and gun accessories including Rifle Cases, Range Bags, Holsters, Shotgun Accessories, Knives, Soft Air Guns, Scopes, Night Vision, T-Shirts and Much More.
Gamaliel Shooting Supply .... Whatever you need - rifle scopes, reloading supplies or gun accessories we've got them all at Gamaliel Shooting Supply! We have all the types of rifle scopes, reloading supplies, and gun accessories you need for hunting and target shooting.
Gunbroker.com .... Worlds largest sport shooting and hunting auction.
Gun Guard .... Good rifle, bow and pistol cases. Some case have wheels which are real handy in the airport.
Gun Tests.com .... They have a no holds barred gun review website and magazine that is very objective. If it sucks, they say so and why. No 3 to 3 1/2 out of 4 stars for every gun they review like you see in NAHC or Guns and Ammo. They have no ads in their review so they are not worried about stepping on toes.
Impact Case Company .... Gun cases.
Ithaca ....
Knight Muzzleloaders .... Firearms.
Kolpin .... Gun cases.
Lilja Precision Rifle Barrels .... Great barrels and lots of info on long range shooting.
Marlin Firearms Co. .... Great firearms.
McMillan .... Makers of tough dependable rifle stocks.
Michael's .... Makers of Butler Creek and Uncle Mike's gun supplies.
Midsouth Shooters Supply Co. .... Your complete source for shooting accessories and supplies.
Midway USA .... The world's largest mail order shooting and reloading superstore.
Mossberg .... Shotguns and rifles.
MTM Case-Gard .... Ammo and accessory boxes, gun cleaning vises and target stands.
The Almost Complete List of Muzzle Loading and Buckskinning Links ....
Muzzleloader Magazine .... The publication for black powder shooters.
Northwest Security Products .... Cases, holsters, pouches and more from Alaska.
Plano ..... Gun cases.
Quake Industries .... For years I've searched for a rifle sling that wouldn't slide off my shoulder. I finally found the Holy Grail here at Quaker Industries, called the "Claw". They also make super rifle swivels that don't squeak, scope covers and recoil pads.
Remington .... Firearms.
Ruger .... Firearms.
Sako .... Firearms.
Shilen .... Makers of excellent rifle barrels.
Sinclair International .... We are a 16 year old, Indiana based company which specializes in high quality products designed for precision rifle shooters.
SKB .... Gun cases.
Sniper Country
.... A great site for long range shooting. They have reviews on scopes, rangefinders, moly bullet coating and tons of other info. Lots of military and law enforcement shooters hang out here.
Tactical Intervention Specialists ....  Precision rifle accessories. Mike has come up with a great new sling too. Stop by his website and see some of the goodies there.
Thompson/Center Arms .... Whether a Traditional or a Modern In-Line... T/C has it all.
Timney Trigger .... Timney Manufacturing, Inc. is one of the oldest and largest trigger manufacturers in the world. Founded in 1946, Timney prides itself on the quality of precision machining and workmanship that goes into each and every Timney product.
Traditions Performance Muzzleloading Weatherby ....
Tuffpak .... Tuffpak is the only multi-gun case of its kind. Whether you're going for a weekend or a month, taking 1 rifle or 5 shotguns .
Weatherby .... Fine rifles and shotguns.
Winchester .... Firearms.

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Hearing Devices & Protection

E.A.R. .... Hearing protection so you can hear those gobbles for many years. Protect your precious hearing with these fine quality ear plugs.
Silver Creek Industries .... They make a parabolic dish mic with headphones called the Bionic Ear and sound enhancing hands free headphones called the Action Ear.
Walker's Game Ear .... is a hearing enhancement and safety device developed exclusively for bow and gun hunters. It fits behind the ear like a hearing aid. I've tried using one of these and it really messes up your sense of hearing direction. Also, when you turn them up to hear better, you get a lot of noise from turning your head and your collar rubbing your neck. Forget even still hunting with one of these in. 2 Walker's Game Ears helped on direction of sound, but I ended up fiddling with the volume too much for my taste. 2 ears down on using these in my most humble opinion.

Optics, Scopes, Binos, and Night Vision

Aimpoint .... As the choice of the U.S. Army and elite forces around the world, Aimpoint sights offer high performance, military-proven technology and rugged durability. Aimpoint's both-eyes-open, heads-up, rapid target acquisition and superior accuracy deliver unmatched precision for a variety of applications.
Backpack Hunter .... Sorry to say it, but Don "Backpack Hunter" has shut down his website after many years.
Bear Basin .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
B & H .... The Professional's source for tripods, photo gear, and video.
Brunton .... Makers of the 'Eterna' and 'Lite-Tech' line of binos. They also make compasses, wind meters, and survey gear.
Burris .... Fine American made scopes and binos.
Bushnell .... Scopes, binos, and Yardage Pro rangefinder.
Bogen .... Distributors for 'Gitzo' and 'Manfrotto' tripods.
Canon .... Makers of binos.
Celestron .... Makers of binos and scopes.
Crooked Horn Outfitters .... They make a bino harness that works real good for $19.99.
Custom Ophthalmics .... Manufactures custom lenses to correct astigmatism. These small lenses are made to your prescription and fitted into the eyecup of your binoculars to let you remove your glasses while viewing. For more information: 11603 Hampstead Drive, Fredericksburg, VA. 22407 . PH# 1-540-786-9276 voice/fax, e-mail:102171,2300@Compuserve.com
Deutsche Optik .... Retailers of 'Wild' and 'Barr & Stroud' rangefinders, Leitz Intel Analyst Magnifiers, Visulette Aspheric Magnifiers, Hensoldt binos, Optolyth scopes and binos, and WWII military optics.
Doctor-Optic Technologies Inc. .... Makers of great scopes and binos. Contact them at: 4685 Boulder Highway, Suite A, Las Vegas, NV 89121 USA, PH# 1-800-290-3634, 1-702-898-7161, (fax) 1-702-898-3737.
D & R Sports .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
Eagle Optics .... Online Retailer of name brand optics, also good info on scopes and binos specifications.
Fujinon .... Makers of fine scopes and binos. They also make the 'Staboscope', a bino that you can use at night and while moving.
Global Mart .... Online retailer for Tasco scopes and rangefinders, Bushnell, and ITT Night vision.
'Grippit' .... With this strap and mount, you can mount your binos on a tripod for more stability. $29.99.
HawkEyes International .... Online retailer of binos, scopes, laser sights, and night vision.
HI VIZ Fiber Optic Sights ....
Kahles .... Kahles Riflescope Manufacturing Company of Vienna, Austria is one of the premier rifle scope manufacturers in the world. With over 100 years of optical engineering behind every scope they make, Kahles has always been known by professional guides and hunters as "One of the very best and most rugged rifle scopes".
Kowa .... One of the better scope and bino makers.
Leica .... Fine German binos and scopes.
LensPen .... LensPen is a lens cleaning device that uses a carbon-based cleaning compound. Also has a little brush on the other end to aid in removing debris.
Leupold .... Fine American made optics.
Meade .... Makers of fine binos, scopes, CCD cameras, and microscopes.
Minolta .... Makers of binos.
Nikon .... Great binos and scopes.
OP/TECH USA .... Long been known for their comfortable binocular and camera straps. They have branched out into several other products of interest that are available via retailers: Fashion Strap: binocular and camera strap, E-Z Comfort Strap: binocular and camera strap, Soft Pouch: binocular and scope covers, Bino Caps: binocular, scope, and camera lens caps, Tripod Strap: tripod strap, Tripod Leg Wraps: Cordura covered foam leg wraps. For more information: PH# 1-800-251-7815 or 1-406-388-1377
Optolyth  .... Fine German optics. Contact: SCM Corporation, (distributor), PO Box 7518 San Diego, CA 92167 USA, PH# 1-800-225-9407, (fax) 1-619-692-8199.
Orion .... Online retailer of binos and scopes.
Pentax .... Makers of binos.
Redfield .... Scopes and mount.
Schmidt & Bender .... Fine German optics.
ScopLevel .... ScopLevel is a device that dramatically increases your shooting accuracy by dramatically reducing CANTING. Check out the effects of canting and what ScopLevel does to reduce it's effect at this website.
Segway-Industries home of the Reticule Leveler .... Segway Industries manufactures and sells the easiest-to-use scope alignment tool ever developed for gun owners and gunsmiths.
Shepherd Scopes Ltd. .... This scope gives you a one shot zero and accurate range-finding. Dual reticule system allows for better accuracy and reliability.
Simmons .... Good scopes and binos. Blount is the maker of this line of optics.
Springfield Armory .... For more than a decade, Springfield Armory™ has been providing high quality, proprietary counter-sniper sighting systems to the world's most demanding customers. Now with eight Government Models™ to choose from, Springfield provides outdoor, severe duty telescopic sights designed to meet the most extreme performance demands of serious law enforcement personnel and hunters world wide.
Steiner .... Pioneer Research is the maker and importer of Steiner optics. They also make dive cameras.
S.W.F.A. Inc. .... Great prices on scopes, binos and rangefinders.
Swarovski .... Fine Austrian optics
Swift Instruments Inc. .... Makers of excellent binos, scopes, magnifiers, opera glasses, and weather instruments.
Tasco .... Makers of binos, scopes, and rangefinders.
Tru_Glo .... Make fiber optic sights.
US Optics .... They design and build special purpose riflescopes for, Military and Law Enforcement, sniper and tactical use. Also, riflescopes for competition and Varmint shooting.
V-Vax Products residual oil remover .... The best lens cleaning solution since alcohol. A lot of optics shops use it and it's available at retailers all over. Leica and Zeiss use it to clean all of the internal components prior to assembly of their binoculars. For more information: V-Vax Products, 1507 Elston Avenue, Chicago, IL 60622. PH# 1-312-276-1747, (fax) 1-312-276-0909.
Weaver .... Fine scopes. Blount is the maker of this product.
Wholesale Hunter .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
Williams Optics .... Telescopes, mounts and camera adapters.
Zeiss .... Fine binos and scopes.

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Organizations

Becoming an Outdoors-Woman (BOW) .... Offers weekend skills clinics to women throughout North America. Explore our pages and discover  what's waiting in the great outdoors!
CalGuns.net .... All gunowners in CA need to help support Calguns.
California Dept. of Fish and Game
California Rifle And Pistol Association (CRPA)
.... Founded way back in 1875, the California Rifle and Pistol Association is an organization of sportsmen dedicated to the preservation of our American heritage. In this age of constant political attacks on the rights of law-abiding citizens to own and use firearms for legitimate purposes, the California Rifle and Pistol Association is the state organization dedicated to protecting firearm freedoms and promoting shooting sports.
COHA .... The California Outdoor Heritage Alliance (COHA) is a partnership of wildlife conservation organizations, outdoor industry, other related interests, and individuals who support science-based wildlife management and the promotion of our hunting rights in California. COHA serves to effectively counter the growing threats and challenges to our outdoor traditions by working all levels of government.
Hunters for the Hungry .... A great nationwide effort for sportsmen to donate extra game meat to help those in need.
Hunt Of A Lifetime .... is a nonprofit organization that grants hunting and fishing adventures to children who have been diagnosed with terminal or life threatening illnesses. We are making a difference. We need your help.
International Hunter Education Association
.... Hunter Education classes explore a variety of topics, including wildlife identification, landowner relations, outdoor survival skills, wildlife management, field care of game, and more. Volunteers teach all types of hunter safety, including the use of various modern firearms, black powder, and bow and arrow.
National Rifle Association .... If you're a gun owner, you really need to join, to maintain your 2nd amendment right to bear arms.
National Wild Turkey Federation NWTF .... Great people helping a great bird.
Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Alliance .... The Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Alliance is a huge grassroots effort to give hunters and anglers a stronger collective voice. It's an alliance of individual sportsmen and women, plus national conservation groups, as well as local and regional clubs and organizations who care about the future of wildlife and outdoor activities on the 192 million acres of National Forests and grasslands.
Safari Club International .... Advocate for 45 million hunters and wildlife conservation worldwide.
Wildlife Legislative Fund of America .... The Wildlife Legislative Fund of America (WLFA) provides direct lobbying and grassroots coalition support to protect and advance the rights of hunters, fishermen, trappers and scientific wildlife management professionals. This is accomplished through coalition building, ballot issue campaigning and legislative and government relations.

Know of any other good turkey organizations? If you do, drop us an email at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

Publications, Videos

Department of Fish & Game Upland Bird Hunting Publications

The following DFG publications provide useful information for those wanting to hunt game in California:

Wing Beat News .... No longer published due to budget cuts.

California Upland Game Magazine .... No longer published due to budget cuts.

California Game and Fish Magazine .... Great magazine on hunting and fishing in California.
California Sportsman ... Some of the staff from the old Fishing and Hunting News are here.
Fishing and Hunting News .... No longer published. Many of the staff went to California Sportsman.
Western Birds .... A great 8 page newsletter published by Jim Matthews, with maps and insider info on all kinds of upland birds. $100.00 per year. Get 2 or 3 of your buddies to split the cost and you're into the birds. P.O. Box 9007, San Bernardino, CA 92427-0007 or call Jim Matthews at PH #1-909-887-3444. Email is odwriter@verizon.net .
Western Outdoor News .... Fine weekly newspaper with maps and tons of timely reports. $36.95 for 52 issues. Ph# 1-714-546-4370. Call the 'Hunter's Hotline' to give your story for publishing. Ph # 1-714-546-4370 ext. 48 or fax: 1-714-662-3486 or e-mail: wonmail@aol.com

To order these books you can use Amazon.com or Barnes & Noble.

After the Hunt with Lovett Williams. Williams, Lovett E., Jr. Format: Paperback, 256pp. ISBN: 0873414217 Publisher: Krause Publications Pub. Date: February 1996. Excellent book for after you harvest a bird. Taxidermy tips, wingbone yelpers and biology info. Two spurs up on this one.
America's Greatest Game Bird: Archibald Rutledge's Turkey Hunting Tales by Jim Casada (Editor), Archibald H. Rutledge (Editor). Hardcover (February 1994) Univ of South Carolina Pr; ISBN: 0872499839 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.91 x 9.25 x 6.23.
The American Wild Turkey. Davis, Henry E. 1949., Small Arms Technical Publishing Co. Georgetown, S.C. 328 pp.
The American Wild Turkey : Reflections on the Bird, the Hunt, and the Hunter by John M. McDaniel. Hardcover - 240 pages (June 2000) The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1585740373 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.96 x 9.16 x 6.22.
The Art and Science of Wild Turkey Hunting. Williams, Lovett E., Jr. Hardcover (November 1989) Publisher: Real Turkeys Pub; ISBN: 0962480908.
Better on a Rising Tide: Tales of Wild Turkeys, Turkey Hunting, and Southern Folk by Tom Kelly. Hardcover - 196 pages 1 edition (August 1, 1995) Oak Knoll Books; ISBN: 1558214100 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.77 x 9.23 x 6.28 .
The Boat by Tom Kelly. Hardcover - 2295 pages (January 1998) .The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1558216405 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.67 x 9.29 x 6.30 .
The Book of the Wild Turkey. Williams, Lovett E., Jr. 1981 Winchester Press, Tulsa, OK. 181 pp.
Bowhunting for Turkeys. Jack Brobst.
Branton Berryhill Publishers .... They sell callmaker Neil Cost's books.
Complete Book of the Wild Turkey. Latham, Roger M. 1956. Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, PA. 265 pp.
The Complete Book of Wild Turkey Hunting : A Handbook of Techniques and Strategies by John, Jr. Trout. Paperback - 192 pages (November 2000) The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1585740993 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.78 x 9.00 x 5.89
The Complete Book of the Wild Turkey. Williams, Lovett E., Out of print, try Amazon.com used book finder.
Dealer's Choice by Tom Kelly. Hardcover - 128 pages (January 1998). The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1558215891 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.55 x 9.25 x 6.25
The Education of a Turkey Hunter. Hanenkrat, William Frank. 1974. Winchester Press, N.Y. 216 pp.
Gobblers I Have Known ... The Evolution and Ramblings of a Turkey Hunter. By Tim Herald. You can purchase your copy directly from Tim with a check or money order for $16.00 which includes shipping. Your copy will be signed and numbered. Send to: Tim Herald, 816 Edgewood Dr.. Lexington, KY 40515. For Credit Card orders, this book can be ordered from Barnes and Noble & Amazon.com. Paperback - 170 pages (September 2001) . 1stBooks Library; ISBN: 0759648700 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.47 x 9.00 x 5.98
Guide to the American Wild Turkey. Part 1: Status--Numbers, Distribution, Season, Harvests and Regulations. National Wild Turkey Federation, Inc., 1992. Nat. Wild. Turkey Fed., Inc. 149 pp.
Hunting the Wild Turkey. Turpin, Tom. 1966 ed. from Penn's Woods, Delmont, PA. 54 pp.
Hunting Wild Turkeys With Ray Eye by Michael Pearce, Ray Eye. Hardcover 1st Ed. edition (January 1990) Stackpole Books; ISBN: 0811708667.
Hunting Wild Turkey in the West. John Higley, Format: Paperback, 2nd ed., 154pp. ISBN: 0962835307 Publisher: Higley's High Country Enterprises Pub. Date: April 1997.
Illumination in the Flatwoods: A Season With the Wild Turkey by Joe Hutto. Paperback - 288 pages Reprint edition (October 1998) The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1558216944 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.55 x 8.95 x 6.01
Innovative Turkey Hunting : Advanced Tactics from Brad Harris & Mark Drury by James A. Casada, Brian Lovett (Editor), Jim Casada. Paperback - 208 pages (January 2001) Krause Publications; ISBN: 0873419944 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.43 x 9.02 x 6.02.
Modern Turkey Hunting. Brady, James F. 1973. Crown Publishers, Inc. N.Y. 160pp.
The Season by Tom Kelly. Hardcover - 160 pages (January 1997) The Lyons Press; ISBN: 1558214895 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.68 x 9.38 x 6.34.
Spring Gobbler Fever by Michael Hanback. Paperback - 256 pages (February 1996) Krause Publications; ISBN: 0873414233 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.68 x 9.00 x 5.96.
Studies of the Wild Turkey in Florida. Williams, Lovett E., Jr. Format: Hardcover, 250pp. ISBN: 0813008743 Publisher: University Press of Florida Pub. Date: April 1988 .
Tenth Legion. Tom Kelly, Format: Paperback, 128pp. ISBN: 1558215395 Publisher: Lyons Press, The Pub. Date: January 1998 Edition Desc: REPRINT.
Turkey Calls, An Endearing American Folk Art. by Howard L. Harlan. Hardcover - 170 pages (January 1, 1994). Harlan / Anderson Press; ISBN: 0964618958.
Turkey Callmakers Past and Present Mick's Picks: Stories and History of Callmakers. by Earl E. Mickel. Hardcover (March 1994) Earl E Mickel; ISBN: 0964016400. Out of print and hard to find.
Turkey Hunters Digest. Dwain Bland, Format: Paperback, 1st ed., 256pp. ISBN: 0873491645 Publisher: Krause Publications Pub. Date: October 1994 Edition Desc: Rev. ed
Turkey Hunting with Charlie Elliott. Elliott, Charles. 1979. David McKay Co., Inc. N.Y. 275 pp.Harbour, Dav. 1983. Advanced Wild Turkey Hunting and World Records. Winchester Press. 284 pp.
Turkey Hunting With Gerry Blair. Hardcover (February 1991) Krause Publications; ISBN: 0873411609.Out of print, try Amazon.com used book finder.
Turkey Hunting Secrets . Roger Rasich has a bunch of good info on hunting turkeys with a bow or shotgun.
The Wild Turkey. Biology and Management.James G. Dickson (Editor), Format: Hardcover, 463pp. ISBN: 081171859X Publisher: Stackpole Books Pub. Date: October 1992.
The Wild Turkey and its Management. Hewitt, O.H. ed. 1967. The Wildl. Soc. 589 pp.
The Wild Turkey in Virginia: Its Status, Life History and Management. Mosby, Henry S. and C.O. Handley. 1943. Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries, Richmond, VA. 281 pp.
The Wild Turkey. Schorger, A.W. 1966. Univ. of Oklahoma Press. 625 pp.
Wild Turkey (Hunting & Fishing Library) by Gary Clancy. Hardcover - 128 pages (January 1997) Creative Publishing international; ISBN: 0865730628 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.56 x 11.03 x 8.53
Wild Turkey Country, Williams, Lovett E., Jr. Gary Griffen (Photographer) Format: Paperback ISBN: 1559712066 Publisher: Creative Publishing International Pub. Date: November 1997 Edition Desc: REPRINT.
Wild Turkeys: Hunting and Watching by John J. Mettler. Paperback - 160 pages (September 1998) Storey Books; ISBN: 1580170692 ; Dimensions (in inches): 0.46 x 9.00 x 6.01.
The World of the Wild Turkey. Lewis, J.C. 1973. J.B. Lippincott Co., N.Y. 158 pp.

If you know of any other turkey books, videos or publications please e-mail us at Jesse's Hunting Page Bannerand we will update the list.

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Recipes

Susie Q's wild turkey recipes .... Susie has some great recipes here and some sent to here from turkey hunters around the USA.

If you know of any other turkey recipe websites please e-mail us at Jesse's Hunting Page Bannerand we will update the list.

Turkey Info Websites, Forums

The Bowsite .... If you're a bowhunter, this is one place you have to check out.
Dave's Hunt'n Page .... AKA '12 Gauge', this Missouri hunter likes to hunt deer, turkey, and elk. Check out the awesome photos on his webpage.
Ray Eye .... Ray Eye from Missouri has some good info and tips here.
Field Dressing a wild turkey .... Article from bowhunting.net on how to clean your wild turkey
Field and Stream .... The popular magazine online. They have a great hunting and shooting forum too.
Full Strut .... Warren has lots of turkey info here.
Jesse's Hunting & Outdoors (JHO) Turkey Hunting Forum .... Great place to talk turkey hunting and show off your pics.
Old Gobbler.com .... Lots of turkey hunters hang out here.
Stu Keck's Wild Turkey: Species Behavior and Habits
....
Stu Keck's Wild Turkey: Turkey Hunting Tips & Techniques ....
National Wild Turkey Federation NWTF .... Great people helping a great bird.
Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter .... Lots of wild turkey biology and pics here. USGS website.
Outdoor Life .... The well known magazine online.
Turkey Hunting Secrets .... Tips on hunting turkeys, calls, and more here.
Turkey and Turkey Hunting Magazine .... Turkey & Turkey Hunting magazine enables novice and experienced hunters alike to maximize their success and enjoyment of the sport. Editorial focuses on turkey hunting techniques, turkey behavior and biology, the latest wild turkey research for hunters, equipment, destinations, and hunting ethics.
Wild Turkey Hunting Network .... The Virtual Wild Turkey Hunting Information Center from Bowhunting.net. They have recipes, biology info, turkey sounds you can listen to on your computer and lots more.
The Wild Turkey Zone .... Rob Ramsdale's excellent site on wild turkeys.

If you know of any other turkey websites please e-mail us at Jesse's Hunting Page Bannerand we will update the list.

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Use what talent you possess; the woods would be very silent if no birds sang except those that sang best.

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