California Hog Hunting Info, Guides, Links

Neal Janousek was lucky enough to stick a meat sow at 10 yards with his longbow on a hunt at Larry<br />
Greve's Hogs Wild on 3/2/01. Bow Make/Model - Martin ML-17 Arrow - Wood  Broadhead - Zwickey Lil' Eskimo<br />
125 gr. Quote from Neal, "Staked out a funnel, spotted two pigs coming up the hill heading into the<br />
high stuff from 60 yards out. Came straight for us, and as it angled broadside to head up funnel, I<br />
locked on white spot that screamed "shoot me here".... After hit, wheeled and headed straight<br />
downhill, and painted woods red as it went."


Some of the info contained on this webpage is from the California Dept. of Fish and Game "Hunting Guide For Wild Pigs In California".

If you have any pics or stories you would like to share here, please email them to at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner.


 


2013-2014 California Hog Hunting Season

John Brewer with 150 lb. boar from near Santa Maria hunt in 1995

HUNTING SEASON: Hogs are open all year. Hog tags are valid from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014.

LICENSE REQUIREMENTS: Resident and nonresident licensed hunters, 12 years of age or older at the time of application, may purchase an unlimited number of Wild Pig Tags.  Tags are nonrefundable and nontransferable. You need a California hunting license AND a 'Wild Pig Tag' to hunt hogs in CA.

PIG TAGS:

California Eesident Wild Pig Tags are $21.34 for one pig tag.

Nonresident Wild Pig Tags are $71.54 for one pig tag.

Definition of Resident. A resident is defined as any person who has resided continuously in California for six months immediately before the date of application for a license, tag or permit; persons on active duty with the armed forces of the United States or an auxiliary branch; or Job Corps enrollees.

Costs of Hunting Licenses.

Annual resident - $44.85.
Junior annual resident hunting license - $11.62.
Non resident annual hunting license - $155.52.
Reduced Fee, Disabled Veteran - $7.05.
Duplicate Hunting License - $9.98.

NOTE: The One Day and Two-Day Nonresident license, age 16 and over IS NOT valid for hog hunting. You must buy the Non Resident Annual license.

The California hunting license is good from July 1, 2013 through June 30, 2014. California resident and nonresident hunting licenses are nonrefundable and nontransferable.

Disabled Veteran Hunting Licenses. A $7.05 hunting license is available for qualified disabled veterans. To be eligible, applicants must submit: (1) a letter from the Veterans Administration verifying that the applicant has a 70 percent or greater service-connected disability and was honorably discharged from the United States armed forces; and (2) evidence of meeting California hunter education requirements. Applicants renewing this license may submit their disabled veteran hunting license from the previous year as proof of meeting eligibility requirements. The reduced-fee provisions do not apply to hunting tags or species stamps. Disabled Veteran Hunting Licenses are issued only through DFG Offices.

Hunter Education Special Requirement. Hunting licenses shall be issued to hunters only upon presentation of one of the following:

An annual California hunting license from a prior year or evidence of having held such a license; a California hunter education completion or equivalency certificate; a certificate of competence or completion of a California approved hunter education training course from any state or Canadian province; or a current year hunting license from any state, province, European country or South Africa. For further information, contact any DFG office or license agent. A California hunter education validation stamp must be affixed to hunter education certificates from California.

LEGAL METHODS OF TAKE: The following methods can be used for hunting wild pigs: (1) rifles and handguns using centerfire cartridges with soft point or expanding bullets; (2) muzzleloading rifles of at least .40 caliber; (3) shotguns capable of holding no more than three shells and firing single slugs; and (4) archery equipment and crossbows (see Section 354, California Code of Regulations, for details). Spears, knives and other methods not specified in Sections 353 and 354 of the hunting regulations ARE NOT allowed for hunting wild pigs in California.

DAILY BAG AND POSSESSION LIMIT: There is no bag or possession limit for hogs.

BAITING: DFG reg. 257.5. You cannot use bait for hogs and no hog can be taken within 400 yards of any baited area. The definition of “baited area” shall mean any area where shelled, shucked or unshucked corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed whatsoever capable of luring, attracting, or enticing such birds or mammals is directly or indirectly placed, exposed, deposited, distributed, or scattered, and such area shall remain a baited area for ten days following complete removal of all such corn, wheat or other grains, salt, or other feed.

SHOOTING HOURS: Legal shooting time for hogs is from 1/2 hour before sunrise until 1/2 hour after sunset at the location of your hunt. California does recognize and use Daylight Savings Time.

SHOOTING FROM VEHICLES: DFG reg. 252. No person shall pursue, drive, herd, or take any bird or mammal from any type of motor-driven air or land vehicles, motorboat, airboat, sailboat, or snowmobile, except: 1) When the motor of such motorboat, airboat, or sailboat has been shut off and/or the sails furled and its progress therefrom has ceased, and it is drifting, beached, moored, resting at anchor, or is being propelled by paddle, oar or pole. (2)if they have a Mobility Disabled Persons Motor Vehicle License.

SPOTLIGHTING: DFG reg. 2005. It is unlawful to use an artificial light to assist in the taking of game birds or game mammals. It is unlawful for any person, or one or more persons, to throw or cast the rays of any spotlight, headlight, or other artificial light on any highway or in any field, woodland or forest where game mammals, furbearing mammals, or nongame mammals are commonly found, or upon any game mammal, furbearing mammal, or nongame mammal, while having in his possession or under his control any firearm or weapon with which such mammal could be killed, even though the mammal is not killed, injured, shot at or otherwise pursued. It is unlawful to use or possess at any time any infrared or similar light used in connection with an electronic viewing device sometimes designated as a sniper scope to assist in the taking of birds, mammals, amphibian or fish.

The provisions of this section shall not apply to the following: (a) To the use of a hand held flashlight no larger, nor emitting more light, than a two cell, three-volt flashlight, provided such light is not affixed in any way to a weapon, r to the use of a lamp or lantern which does not cast a directional beam of light. (b) In the case of headlights of a motor vehicle operated in a usual manner and there is no attempt or intent to locate a game mammal, furbearing mammal or nongame mammal. (c) To the owner, or his employee, of land devoted to the agricultural industry while on such land, or land controlled by such an owner and in connection with such agricultural industry. (d) To such other uses as the commission may authorize by regulation. No person shall be arrested for violation of this section except by a peace officer.

RADIO USE WHILE HUNTING: It is legal to use and posses two way radios while hunting in California.

HARASSMENT OF ANIMALS: DFG reg. 251.1. Except as otherwise authorized in these regulations or in the Fish and Game Code, no person shall harass, herd or drive any game or nongame bird or mammal or furbearing mammal. For the purposes of this section, harass is defined as an intentional act which disrupts an animal’s normal behavior patterns, which includes, but is not limited to, breeding, feeding or sheltering. This section does not apply to a landowner or tenant who drives or herds birds or mammals for the purpose of preventing damage to private or public property, including aquaculture and agriculture crops.

USE OF DOGS: DFG reg. 265. (2) Three Dogs per Hunter Limitation for the Take of Wild Pigs. Up to three dogs per hunter may be used for the purpose of taking wild pigs, pursuant to the following provisions: (A) No more than one dog per hunter may be used in an area where the general deer season is open. (B) No dogs may be used within the closures described in subsection 265(a). (2) Global Positioning System Equipment. Electronic dog retrieval collars employing the use of global positioning system equipment (devices that utilize satellite transmissions) are prohibited on dogs used for the pursuit/ take of mammals.

TRESPASS: If the land you hunt on is not your own, it belongs to someone else. Make sure you have a legal right to be there. Contact the owner or person who administers the property, and secure written permission to hunt. A hunting license does not entitle you to enter private property. “It is unlawful to enter any lands under cultivation or enclosed by a fence, belonging to, or occupied by, another, or to enter any uncultivated or unenclosed lands, including lands temporarily inundated by waters flowing outside the established banks of a river, stream, slough, or other waterway, where signs forbidding trespass are displayed at intervals not less than three to the mile along all exterior boundaries and at all roads and trails entering such lands, for the purpose of discharging any firearm or taking or destroying any mammal or bird, including any waterfowl, on such lands without having first obtained written permission from the owner of such lands, or his agent, or the person in lawful possession thereof. Such signs may be of any size and wording, other than the wording required for signs under Section 2017, which will fairly advise persons about to enter the land that the use of such land is so restricted.” Section 2016, Fish and Game Code.

SAFETY: It is always unlawful to: Place on, or carry or possess a loaded rifle or shotgun in a vehicle or conveyance or its attachments on any public road or other way open to the public: Hunt while intoxicated; Shoot at any game bird from a powerboat, sailboat, motor vehicle, or aircraft while under power or still moving from use of sail or motor. (See Section 251) Shoot any firearm from or upon a public road or highway.

DISCHARGING FIREARMS OR OTHER DEADLY WEAPONS SAFETY ZONE: It is unlawful for any person, other than the owner, person in possession of the premises, or a person having the express permission of the owner or person in possession of the premises, to hunt or to discharge while hunting, any firearm or other deadly weapon within 150 yards of any occupied dwelling house, residence, or other building or any barn or other outbuilding used in connection therewith. The 150-yard area is a “safety zone.”

CALIFORNIA DFG WEBPAGE is at http://www.dfg.ca.gov

 


Hog Hunting News

The big news for 2011 public hog hunting in CA is the pig explosion near San Diego from pigs coming off the Indian reservations there. Check our Hog Hunting Forum the latest sightings and how far the hogs have spread.

Camp Roberts closing for 2011 and most of 2012 due to construction projects is the other big news for 2011.

 

California Hog Harvest Info

By Chris Langner.

Here's a rundown of the 2000/2001 season. As reported from the DFG License and Revenue Branch, a total of 213,226 tags were sold, which included 42,273 resident tag books of five, and 1,861 nonresident single tags, a slight increase from last year. Hunters voluntarily reported taking 6,391 wild pigs by returning their harvest report tags to the DFG.

As usual, the Central Coast Region was responsible for the highest percentage of the total pig take, at 61 percent. This area seems to be the preferred habitat for wild pigs in California and for the past 10 years has been responsible for an average of 69 percent of the total pig harvest. Although the Central Coast Region remains the leader in the number of pigs killed per year, the percentage of the overall pig take has been on a downward trend (see table below). On the other hand, a couple of other regions have seen a steady increase in the number of pigs taken. The San Joaquin Valley and Southern Sierra Region saw a slight increase from last year and was second in numbers of pigs killed, with 1,231 (19.3 percent).

The success rates for particular hunting methods are as follows: hunters using rifles accounted for the largest proportion of the harvest again this year with 89 percent (5,693) of the take. Archery hunters, though few and far between, took 284 pigs which accounted for 4.4 percent of the total harvest. All other hunting methods accounted for only 6.6 percent (414) of the take. This year 7.8 percent (496) of pig hunters used trailing hounds and 29.9 percent (1,910) hunted within their county of residence.

Of the total reported pigs taken, a total of 3,462 (54.2 percent) were males and 2,782 (43.5 percent) were females. Similar to years past, most pigs (91.8 percent) were reportedly taken on private land -with the remaining 8 percent taken on public lands. After analyzing the returned pig tags, many places that are probably public lands have been erroneously reported as private land. Private land is defined as any parcel of land that is held in ownership by either a private citizen, like a ranch, or a private organization. The United States Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management, and the California Department of Fish and Game are all public entities, and although some of the lands they administer are restricted or have limited access-such as military installations, wildlife areas and preserves, they are still public lands. To improve the quality of data obtained from the pig tags it is necessary for hunters to be aware of where they are hunting. For a guide to hunting wild pigs on public lands, please contact the DFG at 9166534263 for a free Guide to Hunting Wild Pigs in California.

Chris Langner is a scientific aide in the DFG Wild Pig and Black Bear programs who compiles and analyzes data from license tags.

Decade
Average Annual Harvest
Average Annual Hunter Numbers
1960 - 1969
8,940
13,820
1970 - 1979
22,710
27,260
1980 - 1989
40,120
40,100
1990 - 1994
32,580
41,360

 

Graph of wild pig harvest by county for 1992 to 1994

Graph of wild pig take 1993- 1998

 


 

Hog Hunting Publications

CA Hog Hunter .... Jim Matthew's CA Hog Hunter newsletter is no longer being published by Jim. Jim sold the magazine to California Sportsman in 2009.
California Hog Hunting Guide .... DFG publication to hog hunting in California. Maps and info to public lands. Call PH # 916-653-4263. Update: No longer being published.
Hunting Wild Boar in California .... Great book on hog hunting in California by Bob Robb.
Wild Boar USA .... Wild Boar USA is a magazine that is dedicated to providing boar hunters with in-depth information covering all aspects of hog hunting and trapping. Wild Boar USA is not a generic story book of hunting tales, but more of a "tips and tactics" guide to help boar hunters of all skill and experience levels to improve their hunting experience and ability.  

 


Hog History as a Game Species in California

Pigs (Sus scrofa) are not native to North America and did not exist in California before the early 1700s. Spanish and Russian explorers and settlers introduced domestic swine to California and allowed them to forage freely, especially in the fall, to take advantage of fallen acorns This practice allowed many pigs to become "feral." Since those early days, the odd domestic pig has escaped and been added to the wild population. In the 1920s, a Monterey County landowner introduced the European wild boar, a wild subspecies of Sus scrofa, into California. European wild stock from this introduction bred with the established feral pig population, resulting in a wild boar/feral domestic pig hybrid.

Prior to the mid- 1950s, wild pigs were unclassified under state law. During this period, wild pigs could be killed with no restrictions. In 1957, the wild pig was designated as a game mammal by the State Legislature. To manage this resource according to the goals established by the Legislature, the Fish and Game Commission established hunting seasons, bag and possession limits, methods of take and conditions for using dogs. Fish and Game Code (FGC), Sections 4650 through 4657, were added in 1992. They require hunters to possess wild pig license tags to hunt wild pigs. When a wild pig is taken, hunters are required to place the tag on the carcass, answer the questions on the other portion of the tag, and return the tag to the California Department of Fish and Game. This requirement provides the Department with wild pig harvest information and funding for the management of wild pigs.

The number of wild pigs taken before the mid- 1950s is unknown. The Department initiated the Game Take Hunter Survey in 1957; at first the estimated wild pig harvest was relatively low. Beginning in the mid- 1960s, both the harvest numbers and the number of counties where wild pigs were harvested have steadily increased. The lower average harvest in the 1990s probably reflects the effects of the long drought that started in the late 1980s, which reduced pig populations. Wild pigs currently exist in at least 45 of the state's 58 counties.


 

Hog (Sus scrofa) Biology 101

Reproduction - The wild pig population has the potential to triple every year. When conditions are optimal wild pig sows can produce two litters of five to six piglets per year. The breeding rate is highly dependent on environmental conditions. When environmental conditions are unfavorable (e.g., drought or crop failure), birth rates are lower and mortality of young wild pigs can be quite high. If these conditions are particularly severe or predation is exceptionally high, the population will decrease.

Food - Wild pigs are omnivorous and consume a wide variety of available foods, including both plant and animal matter. Their food includes acorns, grasses, forbs, berries, bulbs, tubers, invertebrates, reptiles, birds, eggs, and animal carcasses. In general, wild pigs feed on: grasses and forbs in the spring; mast and fruits in the summer and fall; and roots, tubers and invertebrates throughout the year.

Habitat Requirements - As long as water and some cover are present, wild pigs are found in many habitats - woodland, chaparral, riparian, marshes and open grassland. They are comfortable on flat to very steep terrain. They do not tend to inhabit deserts, high mountains with substantial winter snowfall, alpine areas, or intensive agricultural areas where cover is scarce. In California, they are most abundant in the oak woodlands interspersed with grassland.

Behavior - As with all game species, wild pig behavior tends to change as hunting pressure increases. Where hunting is a rare occurrence, wild pigs are active in the daytime, though they become less active in hot weather. With moderate hunting, they bed down around sunrise and become active again in the late afternoon. When they are heavily hunted, they generally feed only at night. Depending on the density and abundance of cover, wild pigs tend to leave an area where hunting pressure becomes severe. Female wild pigs are generally considered social, not solitary, as they are usually found in family groups. As they approach one year of age, boars are often seen alone, though they sometimes join family groups during breeding.

General Info - All pigs belong to the family Suidae. In addition to the domestic species, several species of wild pigs are found on the Eurasian and African continents. The Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa), a popular game animal during medieval times, still roams over many parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The first true pigs were brought to the United States by Hernando de Sota to the Atlantic Coast of Florida in 1539. The First "Pure Russian" wild boars were brought into the USA by Austin Corbin. They were released into a 20,000 acre enclosure in Sullivan County New Hampshire in 1890.

In spite of their reputation, pigs are neither filthy nor stupid. Because their sweat glands are relatively ineffective in lowering body temperature, pigs seek relief from the heat by wallowing in mud or shallow waterholes. When provided with a clean environment sheltered from the sun, however, pigs are fastidious. Furthermore, in tests of intelligence, pigs have proved to be among the smartest of all domestic animals--even more intelligent than dogs. Pigs are closely related to peccaries and distantly related to hippopotamuses. Their snouts end in a flat, rounded disk, which is used by all species but one to root for food. Their stocky, barrellike bodies weigh between 300 and 700 pounds (140 and 300 kilograms) and sometimes reach weights as great as 1,900 pounds (860 kilograms). Both males and females have tusks, which they use for defense. Tusks which are found on the lower jaw, or mandible, can be extremely dangerous when put to use by a mature boar. The upper tusks, or whitters, help keep the lower tusk extremely sharp by rubbing against each other while the pig chews.

Male pigs are called boars; the females are called sows. A shoat is a young, weaned pig of either sex. A male pig that has been castrated before reaching sexual maturity is referred to as a barrow, whereas a male pig that was castrated after reaching maturity is called a stag. A gilt is a sow that has never given birth. Wild pigs existed as far back as 36 million years ago. The hunting of wild pigs by early humans was often depicted in Western European cave and rock paintings dating back thousands of years.

Pigs have a firm, thick skin covered with a usually sparse coat of stiff hairs called bristles. Pigskin is renowned for producing a high-quality leather that "breathes" better than other types of leather. This is because only pigskin has bristle follicles that extend completely through the hide.

Aging Hogs - Using the body weight or size of the cutters is not a real reliable way to age hogs. Looking at the wear of the teeth is the best way to age hogs. You can find some pics to age your hog here.

General Physical Differences Between Wild and Domestic Hogs

Physical Characteristic
Wild Hogs
Domestic Hogs
Hair
Abundantly covered with course, long hair
Sparsely covered with short hair
Ears
Relatively small, erect, and hairy; tufted at the tips
Relatively large, floppy, and hairless
Tail
Covered with hair; tasseled at the end with long, course hairs; and straight
Sparsely haired and curly
Body
Lean, shoulders higher and wider than hindquarters; razor-backed
Back flat, body wide and uniformly thick
Tusks
Long and sharp (if unbroken)
Relatively short
Head
Longer snout, flat profile
Shorter snout, concave profile
Color
Predominantly black or pied, sometimes russet
Usually uniformly white, russet, or pink
Young
Often dark with horizontal stripes
same uniform color as parents

Legally, any pig that is not branded or confined is considered a wild pig. However, most hunters have a physical description in mind for the term "wild pig." The appearance of many wild pigs falls somewhere in between the examples.


Hog Weight/Girth Info

If you have the known weight of a hog you've taken please email the measurement in inches of the girth of the hog behind the front legs around the heart to Jesse's Hunting Page Banner. If you also know the field dressed weight of a hog that you've measured the girth of we can add that figure too. Thanks.

 

 

Girth Around Heart, Behind Front Legs
Approximate Hog Weight On The Hoof
Approximate Hog Weight Field Dressed
35 inches
?
?
36 inches
?
115 lbs.
37 inches
?
?
38 inches
?
125 lbs.
39 inches
?
139 lbs.
40 inches
?
148 lbs.
41 inches
?
?
42 inches
?
?
43 inches
?
?
44 inches
?
180 lbs.
45 inches
?
189 lbs.
46 inches
?
?
47 inches
?
?
48 inches
300 lbs.
?
49 inches
?
237 lbs.
50 inches
?
?

 

BLM and Other Public Land Hog Hunting

Wild pigs can be hunted on private land with the permission of the owner, and on public land such as national forests, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) land, and some state wildlife areas. As a general rule, wild pigs are much harder to find on public land, though access is usually free. Data from about four years of returned wild pig license tags indicate that almost all (about 93 percent) of the wild pigs killed in California are taken on private land.

Click the links below for maps and info on BLM and other public hog hunting areas.

Northern California - North Coast

King Range National Conservation Area BLM (Humboldt and Mendocino Co.)
Mad River Ranger District, Six Rivers National Forest (Humboldt and Trinity Cos.)
Tehama Wildlife Area (Tehama Co.)

Sacramento Valley - Central Sierra

Putah Creek Wildlife Area (Solano Co.)
Spenceville Wildlife Area (Nevada and Yuba Cos.)

Central Coast

Big Sandy Wildlife Area (Monterey and San Luis Obispo Cos.)
Boggs Mountain State Forest (Lake Co.)
Cache Creek Wildlife Area and BLM Area (Colusa and Lake Cos.)
Camp Roberts (Monterey and San Luis Obispo Cos.)
Covelo Ranger District (Mendocino and Trinity Cos.)
Cow Mountain Recreation Area BLM (Lake and Mendocino Cos.)
Indian Valley Wildlife Area (Lake Co.)
Jackson State Forest (Mendocino Co.)
Laguna Mountain BLM (San Benito Co.)
Lake Sonoma Wildlife Area (Sonoma Co.)
Red Mountain Area BLM (Mendocino Co.)
Stockdale Mountain BLM (Monterey Co.) I get a few emails on this topic every few weeks so this post is to help get the word out on hunting Stockdale Mountain in California. Heed the info or you WILL be cited!! This E-mail is from Joe about Stockdale Mountain.

I was out at Stockdale Mt. getting info. What I found out from residents up there was scary. The only access is a narrow point off of Slack Canyon. Rd. The boundaries are not marked clearly! Mr. Kester owns all land around the area and patrols it often and Fish and Game also roams through daily. I was told by one of the outfitters on your page (one I trust and have a personal relationship with) up there that this area is pretty much a trap for hunters. I was told that going up there is just cause for trouble. There are no friendly warnings, no matter what game is being pursued.

I hear that many hunters are sighted for poaching even when they are not meaning to do so. I suggest that you post a warning on your site for ALL TO BEWARE! and to know their location at all times. This area does have lots of hogs, but the terrain is thick with brush and hunters get in trouble when they look for a clearing (Kester's land). I suggest using a topo map with GPS in this area, and talking to DFG for boundaries. By the way, Kester is an outfitter and guide.

Thanks Joe.

Upper Lake Ranger District, Mendocino National Forest (Lake and Mendocino Cos.)

Sacramento Valley - Southern Sierra

Clear Creek BLM area (Fresno and San Benito Cos.)
Coalinga Mineral Springs BLM area (Fresno Co.)
Cottonwood Creek Wildlife Area (Merced Co.)
Groveland Ranger District, Stanislaus National Forest (Mariposa and Tuolumne Cos.)
Hollister Resource Area .... For info call (408) 637-8183
Hume Lake Ranger District, Sequoia National Forest (Fresno and Tulare Cos.)
Hunter Valley Recreation Area, BLM (Mariposa Co.)
Little Panoche Reservoir Wildlife Area (Fresno Co.)
San Luis Reservoir Wildlife Area (Merced Co.)

Southern California - Eastern Sierra

Monterey Ranger District, Los Padres National Forest (Monterey Co.)
Santa Barbara Ranger District, Los Padres National Forest (Santa Barbara and Ventura Cos.)
Santa Lucia Ranger District, Los Padres National Forest (San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Cos.)


 

Hog Scouting and Hunting Tips

Firearm Hog Hunting

In general, wild pigs are more difficult to kill than deer or antelope but are easier to kill than elk. Legally, any centerfire firearm using a soft point bullet can be used. Wild pigs differ greatly in size, which complicates the choice of appropriate calibers. Many hunters take young wild pigs that only weigh about 50 to 70 pounds. Many of the smaller calibers that use lighter bullets are satisfactory for taking these smaller animals. At the other end of the scale are the large boars, which weigh over 200 pounds. These are far tougher and have thick shoulder plaques or shields. The larger calibers and heavily constructed bullets are more appropriate for wild pigs of this size.

Appropriate centerfire rifle cartridges to be used for lighter weight wild pigs (50 to 90 pounds) should have at least 800 foot-pounds of energy remaining at 100 yards. This assumes reasonably accurate bullet placement, using bullets that are at least .24 (6 mm) caliber and weighing a minimum of 100 grains. For heavier wild pigs (over 90 pounds), bullets should have at least 1200 foot-pounds of energy remaining at 100 yards. (This information is readily available from ammunition manufacturers' catalogs or reloading manuals.) The table below gives recommendations for various cartridges and bullet weights for hunting wild pigs with rifles, handguns, shotguns and muzzleloaders. While some .22 caliber centerfire cartridges will certainly kill wild pigs if correctly placed, their bullets are not constructed heavily enough for big game hunting and are therefore not recommended for any size of wild pig.

Hunters using handguns, shotguns, or muzzleloaders, generally shoot at shorter ranges. For these methods of take, the same remaining energies that rifles use at 100 yards were used but determined at 50 yards to result in the recommendations for handguns, muzzleloaders and shotguns. For hunters using muzzleloading rifles, only one weight conical bullet is shown. Other conical bullet weights are available for most calibers. Reloading manuals will usually give the energies at 50 yards for these other weights.

Do not take frontal shots at wild pigs. On a broadside shot put the bullet just above the "elbow" of the front leg when the pig is dead broadside. A hog can survive on one lung, so it's important to get both lungs. I don't suggest a quartering shot unless you can hit far enough forward to catch both lungs, or another vital organ. Also, keep in mind that a hog only bleeds "like a stuck pig" when you have a low wound, you really need to cause some pretty severe hemorrhage to get a good blood trail from a hog. Their thick hide, subcutaneous body fat and remarkably fast clotting times really do prevent much external blood loss by these animals.

 

Hacienda Lodge at Fort Hunter Ligget

Recommendations for Using Various Calibers and Minimum Bullet Weights for Wild Pigs

Caliber
Bullet Weight (grains)
Recommended for Pigs under 90 lbs.
Recommended for Pigs over 90 lbs.
RIFLES
     
All 22 calibers
all
no
no
243 Winchester or 6mm Remington 100 yes no
25-20 Winchester 86 no no
25-35 Winchester 117 yes no
250 Savage 100 yes yes
257 Roberts +P 100 yes yes
25-06 Remington 120 yes yes
264 Winchester Magnum 140 yes yes
270 Winchester 130 yes yes
7x30 Waters 120 yes yes
7mm-08 140 yes yes
7x57 Mauser 145 yes yes
280 Remington 140 yes yes
284 Winchester 150 yes yes
7mm Remington Magnum 150 yes yes
30 M1 Carbine 110 no no
7.62x39mm Russian 123 yes no
30-30 Winchester 150 yes yes
300 Savage 150 yes yes
30-40 Krag 150 yes yes
307 Winchester 180 yes yes
308 Winchester 150 yes yes
30-06 Springfield 150 yes yes
300 Winchester Magnum 150 yes yes
300 H&H Magnum 180 yes yes
303 Savage 190 yes no
303 British 180 yes yes
32-20 Winchester 100 no no
32 Winchester Special 170 yes yes
8mm Mauser 170 yes yes
8mm Remington Magnum 185 yes yes
338 Winchester Magnum 200 yes yes
348 Winchester 200 yes yes
357 Magnum (rifle) 158 no no
35 Remington 200 yes yes
356 Winchester 200 yes yes
358 Winchester 200 yes yes
35 Whelan 200 yes yes
350 Remington Magnum 200 yes yes
375 Winchester 200 yes yes
375 H&H Magnum 200 yes yes
38-40 Winchester 180 no no
38-55 Winchester 255 yes no
416 Remington Magnum 300 yes yes
44-40 Winchester 200 no no
44 Remington Magnum (rifle) 240 yes yes
444 Marlin 240 yes yes
45-70 Government 300 yes yes
458 Winchester 500 yes

yes

HANDGUNS      
Caliber
Bullet Weight (grains)
Recommended for Pigs under 90 lbs.
Recommended for Pigs over 90 lbs.
.22 to .41 (including .357 magnum) all no no
.44 Smith & Wesson 200 no no
.44-40 Winchester 200 no no
.44 Remington Magnum 240 yes no
.45 ACP 185 no no
.45 Colt 225 no no
.454 Casull 260 yes yes
.50 Action Express 325 yes yes
MUZZLELOADING RIFLES round ball/conical    
Caliber
Bullet Weight (grains)
Recommended for Pigs under 90 lbs.
Recommended for Pigs over 90 lbs.
36 caliber 65/128 no/no no/no
45 caliber 127/320 no/yes no/no
50 caliber 175/370 yes/yes no/yes
54 caliber 230/430 yes/yes yes/yes
58 caliber 270/555 yes/yes yes/yes
SHOTGUNS      
Caliber
Bullet Weight (grains)
Recommended for Pigs under 90 lbs.
Recommended for Pigs over 90 lbs.
.410 Gauge 88 no no
20 Gauge 328 yes no
16 Gauge 350 yes no
12 Gauge 438 yes yes
10 Gauge 766 yes yes

Archery Hog Hunting

Compound bows, recurve bows, or longbows are acceptable for hunting as long as they will cast a legal hunting arrow a horizontal distance of at least 130 yards (California Code of Regulations). As a general rule, an archer should use the heaviest pulling weight that can be used to shoot accurately throughout the day's hunt. It is a mistake to use a bow with a draw weight that is too strong for you because your accuracy will suffer. Depending on the hunting conditions, the length of the bow can be a factor. For example, when moving through heavy brush a shorter bow may be best.

Section 354 requires the use of a broadhead that will not pass through a 7/8 inch diameter hole. If you choose to use expanding heads, they must also meet the same requirements. Broadheads are available in many different diameters of cutting edge as well as many multi-blade designs. The modular replaceable blade broadheads are probably the most common type in use today. Expanding blade broadheads, have recently been available. They may not be as durable, but will kill very quickly if well placed. For bows up to 60 pounds, use broadheads up to 1/4 inch in diameter with no more than four blades. Bows over 60 pounds may use broadheads of larger diameter with more blades and still get adequate penetration. In general, the larger the broadhead diameter, the harder it will be to tune your arrows for accuracy. It is important to select broadheads that are durable, aligned to fly accurately, and can be sharpened to a razor-sharp edge.

Arrows must have the correct length and spine to match the bow and the archer. The weight and material of the arrow is a personal choice. Arrow shafts are made from wood, aluminum, fiberglass, or carbon fiber. In general, it pays to buy the best arrows that you can afford.

Some general considerations concerning arrows are: 1) for a given bow pulling weight, lighter arrows have a faster speed and flatter trajectory (however, these faster arrows tend to be noisier which may increase the chances of alerting the animal); 2) small diameter arrow shafts allow for good penetration because there is less drag; 3) at a given distance, heavier arrows moving at a slower speed have roughly the same impact energy as the lighter and faster arrows. The most important consideration is to select arrows that shoot well with your bow. Your choice of bow, arrow, or broadhead type, or whether you use sights or shoot instinctively is a matter of preference. Be sure to practice enough with your equipment so that your aim is accurate. Before a hunt, be sure to practice with your broadhead arrows because many will fly differently than your target arrows.

Hunters who use archery equipment should stalk their prey to within 30 yards or less. Obviously, the less noise you make, the better your chance of success. Silent clothing, a quiet quiver, camouflage, and staying downwind are important considerations.

Hacienda Lodge at Fort Hunter LiggetStudies have shown that razor-sharp broadheads probably cause very little discomfort or pain to an animal that is hit and, unless the animal spots the hunter, it often continues feeding until it collapses. As with rifle hunting, the appropriate archery target on any animal is the vital organ area which contains the heart, lungs, liver, and major blood vessels. Do not take frontal shots at wild pigs. On a broadside shot put the arrow just above the "elbow" of the front leg when the pig is dead broadside. Side shots are not recommended for large wild pigs. Rear quartering shots into the chest cavity are recommended for large-sized animals because this allows the arrow to slip behind the shoulder plaque. Shooting an arrow through the relatively thick skin and shoulder plaque of large wild pigs severely dulls the broadhead and may inhibit further penetration.

A hog can survive on one lung, so it's important to get both lungs. I don't suggest a quartering shot unless you can hit far enough forward to catch both lungs, or another vital organ. Also, keep in mind that a hog only bleeds "like a stuck pig" when you have a low wound, so when shooting from an elevated stand, a pass through is pretty much necessary to get a blood trail. You really need to cause some pretty severe hemorrhage to get a good blood trail from a hog. Their thick hide, subcutaneous body fat and remarkably fast clotting times really do prevent much external blood loss by these animals.

The Department of Fish and Game highly recommends that any hunter planning to use archery for hunting take the course provided by the International Bowhunter Education Program. Currently the program is co-sponsored by the Department of Fish and Game. The certificate of completion is valid in other states where the course is required.

Methods for Locating Wild Pigs

Hog scatLocating wild pigs is the first step to successfully hunting wild pigs, and knowledge of their behavior and sign is useful. As a general rule, the hunt begins with a search for fresh sign. Wild pig sign can take the form of trails, tracks, droppings, rootings, wallows, tree rubs and beds. Trails are often regularly used and may be well defined. If a trail leads to a low tunnel in dense brush, chances are that it was made by wild pigs. Trails going straight up a steep hill indicate the presence of wild pigs. Other animals tend to make trails that angle up hills.

Wild pigs normally spend the majority of the day in beds. This practice is particularly evident where there is heavy hunting pressure. Beds can be rooted-out areas about two to eight inches deep, sometimes lined with grasses, and are commonly in the heart of a dense shrub patch. Wild pigs are somewhat nomadic and may have several beds. Once flushed from these beds, individuals may not return to them for some weeks.

 

 

Hog track in mudWild pig tracks are nearly circular in shape, almost as wide as they are long. In soft soil, dewclaw impressions can often be seen. Wild pig tracks are easy to distinguish from deer tracks, which are pointed in front. However, pig tracks are sometimes difficult to distinguish from goat, sheep and young calf tracks. A recent 300 lb. boar hog taken at Fort Hunter Liggett had hooves that measured 2 1/2" x 2 1/2"

The size and shape of droppings (scat) varies depending on the age of the animal and the diet. Wild pig scat is normally elongated, similar to a dog's scat, or sometimes roundish clumps. The composition of the scat can provide information on where they are feeding.

 

 

Hog rooting and tree rubWallows are wet, muddy areas that wild pigs use for cooling and for protecting against insects during the dry summer season (see pic on right). They are usually muddy depressions made around springs or ponds, or other areas where water has accumulated. If the water is muddy or fresh mud is splattered around, it probably indicates that wild pigs are active in the area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hog rooting and tree rubRooted areas are the result of wild pigs foraging for roots, bulbs, acorns or invertebrates, (see pic on left). Wild pigs root up the soil with their noses to obtain the underground food items. These rooted areas may be extensive, depending on the number of wild pigs and the food desired.

Wild pigs scratch themselves by rubbing on trees (see pic on left). Tree rubs often are found near trails that wild pigs use regularly. Tree rubs can be informative. They can tell you the wild pig's approximate size by the height of the rub line, and the wild pig's color by hair left on the bark of the tree.

Concentrate hunting efforts where the signs are freshest. As a general rule, hunted wild pigs tend to be less active than unhunted wild pigs in the daytime. Sign will usually be freshest from October through May in the early morning and evening or at night. The wild pigs tend to be almost exclusively nocturnal during summer. They seem to be most active on moonlit nights.

 

Hunting Techniques for Wild Pigs

Usually wild pigs will attempt to run away if they smell, hear, or see a hunter. Wild pigs have an excellent sense of smell, good hearing, and fair eyesight. Therefore, hunters should be most concerned about being downwind and quiet. They can be less concerned about being seen. If you are downwind and very quiet, you can often get very close to feeding or sleeping wild pigs. If the wind is faint, a puff powder bottle is very useful for detecting the direction of air currents. When injured or cornered, wild pigs can be dangerous. A good indicator of aggressive behavior is a clacking sound, made when the wild pig snaps his jaws open and shut. If a wild pig is running toward you, it is not necessarily attacking. Because they have fair eyesight, wild pigs running toward a person usually do not recognize the human form. Making a quick movement or sound will usually cause the wild pig to turn in a different direction.

Stand Hunting (Posting)

This type of hunting is useful when you know that wild pigs are using an area and have located their food or water source. Select a spot with a clear view and, if possible, some cover and a good rest for shooting. Make,sure you wait downwind from where the wild pigs are expected to appear. Another form of stand hunting is to wait along possible travel routes, or escape routes outside an area being hunted intensively by other hunters. You should plan to to be on site at least a half-hour before sunrise. This is mainly an early morning technique and, if unproductive, the hunter can then try one or more of the other methods.

Spotting and Stalking

In fairly open country, spotting wild pigs from a distance and then stalking them can be an effective method. Start out by trying to situate yourself you where you have a commanding view and the wind is coming toward you. If pigs are seen at a distance, walk slowly and quietly toward them, keeping the wind at your face and using available cover. Since wild pigs have poor eyesight, you may be able to get fairly close without being detected. This technique is by far the most popular with bowhunters. Stalking to within 15 yards for that 9 perfect shot is not an impossible task.

Still Hunting

In thicker habitat, still hunting is commonly used. After locating an area with fresh wild pig sign, plan a route that moves into the wind and has quiet footing. Move slowly and stop often to search and listen for wild pigs. For both spotting and stalking, and for still hunting, quiet clothes are essential. Glassing often with binoculars can increase your chance of success.

Group Hunting

If you are hunting with a group, a hunting drive is an option to be considered. Conduct the drive by walking a short distance apart with the hope of flushing wild pigs out of cover. With this technique, it is especially important to be aware of the direction your muzzle is pointing as you walk along. Another approach, depending on the terrain, is to strategically place hunters at one end of a brushy area, along trails, or on either side of a canyon. For safety reasons and to insure the best shot, position the stationary hunters at locations where they have a good open view. The rest of the group should work noisily through the area from the other end, hopefully driving the wild pigs before them and flushing them out into the open. When using archery equipment, the same technique may work if the group moves quietly. With this technique, the wild pigs will probably be moving and a relatively quick shot will be called for. Because there are a number of hunters, and they are spread out, there needs to be extra concern that shots are taken only when sure of both the target and background.

Hunting with Dogs

For hunters who are fairly fit, hunting with dogs can' be quite successful. Good pig dogs will get on a fresh scent and usually chase a wild pig until it is brought to bay or cornered. The dog's barking will lead the hunter to the wild pig. This technique often results in a fairly active chase, over long distances in rough country.

Only dogs skilled in wild pig hunting should be used. A large wild pig brought to bay may become very aggressive. Unskilled dogs could be seriously injured.

Tracking

If fresh sign is encountered, skilled hunters may try to immediately track the wild pig. Tracking conditions are most favorable after a recent rain, as the soft ground allows good tracks to be made and washes out old tracks that could be confusing.

Remember that wild pigs have good eyesight, good hearing, and an excellent sense of smell. Wild pigs can be active at any time of the day, but they are mostly active during the early morning and late evening, when traveling to and from their beds. Another option is to head for the nearest brush cover. If wild pigs are not there, circle the area of heavy activity. Although pigs may travel several miles to forage, they often bed down near their feeding area.

Locating Shot Animals

Once you have shot an animal, it is your responsibility to recover that animal. Depending on shot placement, this may require many hours of hard work over rough terrain. It may even require an effort the following day. If this is not appealing to you, hunting wild pigs is probably not your sport.

While we all try to make clean kills, this does not always happen. After taking a shot at any animal, there are a few things that should be done to determine if you hit the animal. If the wild pig is no longer visible, first mark in your mind where the animal was standing when you shot. Next, go to that spot, whether or not you think you hit the animal. Mark the spot so that you are able to return to it if necessary. Look around the immediate vicinity for any signs of wounding. Frothy blood indicates a lung wound; bright blood a hit in muscle; and digested food, with or without blood, a stomach wound.

Unless it is a stomach wound, most hunters using firearms prefer to begin tracking the animal immediately. Because animals wounded in the stomach can travel long distances, often it is better to wait in the hope that the wounded animal will lie down close by, rather than be pursued for a long distance. Because arrow wounds are different from bullet wounds, the general rule is to wait for awhile before tracking an animal which has a body hit. If the hit is in the abdomen, delay even longer. This wait is especially important when bowhunting wild pigs because when wounded they have the ability to move very quickly and aggressively. On hot days, the length of this waiting period needs to be balanced with the need to process the carcass as soon as possible to avoid spoilage of meat. The amount of blood indicates how difficult the tracking task will be. Much of your success will depend on your experience, but some general hints are:

(1) do not only look at the ground, but look on blades of grass or leaves of low growing bushes;,

(2) do not just look for sign but also look ahead to see if you can spot the wounded animal, either moving or lying on the ground;

(3) if you lose the trail, circle and search for blood or other sips of recent passage such as fresh tracks or overturned rocks;

(4) when you come to any open areas, stop and use your binoculars to search for a downed animal in the distance; and

(5) When you locate the downed animal and it is obvious that it is not dead, a second shot is often advisable to end the animal's suffering and prevent it from running again and possibly getting away.

Dispatching Wounded Animals

As with any big game, approach any downed or obviously wounded animal with care. Sometimes the animal is only stunned, can recover, and then aggressively attack the approaching hunter. A good rule is to be prepared for a second shot until it is clear that the animal is dead. It is especially important to be wary about wild pigs because not only are they hard to kill, but their strength and sharp tusks enable them to inflict serious injury, even when wounded.

Private Land

The hunter should be aware that if a landholder is asked for permission to hunt on his or her property and gives that permission, Section 846 of the Civil Code relieves that landholder from liability as long as the landholder does not charge a fee. Permission must be in writing.

 

Contact Info

Los Padres National Forest

Southern Sierra

Northern California

BLM Redding Field Office 355 Hemsted Drive Redding, CA 96002 Telephone: (530) 224-2100 Fax: (530) 224-2172

North Coast

Topo Maps and Aerial Photos

USFS maps may be obtained by visiting or calling one of the offices listed above. The maps are generally about $4.00 or $7.00 for waterproof maps. U.S. Geological Survey topographic maps can usually be obtained from drafting/engineering stores or backpacking stores or ordered online here USGS Topo maps.  Maps of Fish and Game wildlife areas may be obtained by calling (916) 358-2877. If you would like info on aerial photos, computer topo map programs and how to download free topo maps off the Internet I have this on my webpage here: aerial photos or topo maps.

Other Helpful Links

Caltrans Road Conditions

CDF California Dept. of Forestry  You can check on current fire conditions here. Stop in and talk to the guys since they live and work in the forests.

The Weather Channel


 

Hog Meat Care Tips

Field Dressing Hogs

Wild pigs should be gutted, skinned, and cooled as soon as possible after being killed because they can spoil rapidly, especially if the weather is hot. Trim out scars or any wound tissue. Small wild pigs can be skinned in the same way a deer is skinned. Large wild pigs can be skinned using the strip method. Hang the carcass with the head pointing up and make a cut through the skin around the neck. With a sharp carpet knife or razor knife , make cuts perpendicular to the neck cut down the whole body about 4 inches apart. Peel each resulting strip off the carcass by pulling firmly.

Care of Meat

After field dressing the wild pig, hang the meat in a shady place to allow it to dry and cool. In general, wild pigs tend to spoil faster than deer.

Tip You can get mattress covers with a drawstring at the top for a small price at any army surplus store to cover your hog to keep out the bees and flies. You can also use cheesecloth.

After the meat is cool, it can be butchered or taken to a meat locker to be hung and aged the same as with deer or livestock. Meat should be properly wrapped and frozen. As with other big game, the cleaner the meat is kept, and the quicker it is cooled, the better it will taste. Young pigs up to about 9 months of age tend to be the best tasting. They can be identified by their smaller size and temporary needle-like lower canine tusks. For large wild pigs over 200 pounds, consider grinding most of the meat into sausage.

Disease Considerations

Wild pigs can carry parasites and diseases - in particular, trichinosis and brucellosis - that are potentially transmittable to humans, livestock, pets, and wildlife. The risk of becoming infected is very small, and can be further minimized by proper handling, care and cooking of the wild pig carcass.

When handling a wild pig carcass, it is recommended that you take the following precautions:

  • wear rubber gloves when dressing wild pigs
  • avoid puncturing the urinary bladder and gastrointestinal tract
  • freeze the meat until hard
  • completely cook the meat (170 degrees F.)
  • bury, bum or dispose of in the garbage the unusable portions of the carcass so that it can not be dug, up and eaten by wildlife or pets.

List of California meat processers


Hog Hunting Gear List

You'll need Acrobat Reader to read and print this .pdf file gear checklist, you can get Acrobat at

http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html

Please click the link below for a gear checklist you can print out.

http://www.jesseshunting.com/hunting-gear-list.pdf

 


Hog Links (pun intended)

 

Hog Hunting Ammo/Reloading

Accurate Reloading .... Saeed's great talk forum on reloading.
Alliant Powder (formerly Hercules) .... check out the online reloading data.
Barnes .... They make great bullets.
Berger Bullets .... Some of the best bullets made.
Cheaper Than Dirt .... Shooting supplies and hunting gear.
Dillon Precision Products .... One of the best reloading companies.
Federal Ammo ....
Graf and Sons Inc. .... The reloading authority.
Hodgdon Powder Company
.... Reloading powder.
Hornady .... Bullets and reloading equipment.
JHO Reloading Forum .... Info on reloading.
Lapua .... Makers of match grade ammo and Vihtavuori powders.
Lee Precision Inc. .... The Lee family has been providing affordable reloading products since 1958.
MEC .... Reloading equipment.
Midsouth Shooters Supply Co. .... Your complete source for shooting accessories and supplies.
Midway USA .... The world's largest mail order shooting and reloading superstore.
Nosler .... Maker of the famous 'Partition bullets'.
Powder Valley .... Offering the finest in reloading components at the best possible price.
Precision Reloading Inc. .... Unique and hard to find reloading products.
RCBS .... If you're into reloading, bookmark this page now. All the info you need to be a top-notch re-loader is right here:
Redding Reloading Equipment ....
Remington .... Guns and ammo.
Sierra Bullets .... Bullets.
Speer .... Bullets.
Western Powders .... Western Powders is the largest Master Distributor of reloading powders in North America. We carry a full line of smokeless and black powders, and have also released our own line of high-performance, smokeless powders called RAMSHOT.
Widener's .... Here you will find great deals on all your hunting needs. From Ammunition to Powder. Featuring all the top name products such as Hornady, Nosler, Remington, RCBS, REDDING, SPEER, Winchester and much more.
Winchester Ammo .... Makers of great ammo.

Hog Hunting Blinds

The All-Terrain Umbrella Blind .... The All Terrain Umbrella Blind is a uniquely designed and patented camouflage blind that can be set up quickly and quietly, camouflaging the person or persons behind it.
Ameristep Pop-Up Blinds .... Portable camo blinds .
Bowsniper Blind Co. ....Compact blinds that mount to a shotgun or bow.
Buckwing ..... They make blinds, archery gear and camo umbrellas.
Double Bull Archery L.L.C. .... Makers of the popular ICE Blind, a portable camo blind.
GameTracker Portable Pop Up Hunting Blind ....
High Racks
.... They have brackets for hunters to effectively add branches and camo to any stand, blind or hunting location with ease.
Hunters Equipment
.... They offer a full line of deer stands, game blinds, and game feeders.
Hunters Specialties (H.S.) .... They have burlap, nylon and Cerex camo blind material and portable hunting blinds.
Invisiblind .... Portable camo blind.
Isometric Hunting Blinds .... Portable hunting blinds.
Klinger Pop Top Blind ....
Little Big Horn .... Camo tree blinds and Pac-Lounge.
Quick Pro Blinds
.... Portable hunting blinds.
Oak Hollow Products .... Portable hunting blinds. 309 Old Highway 9, Waukon, IA 52172 (319) 568-4075. You can order the blinds here.
P & M Concealment Products Inc. .... Portable blinds.
Primos .... They have the Double Bull and Ground Max blinds.
Ultimate Hunting Blind
.... Portable and expandable hunting blinds.
Underbrush
.... Portable blinds and 3-D Leafy Camo Wear.
Wolf Den Hunting Products .... Portable hunting blinds.

Hog Hunting Bow Equipment

Archery Headquarters .... Out of business.
B&B Archery and Bowhunting Books .... Books and videos on archery and bowhunting.
Bear Archery
.... Makers of excellent bows and bow equipment. Fred Bear is a legend of the bowhunting world.
Ben Pearson Bow info .... Great place to look up info on old Ben Pearson bows, broadheads, arrow boxes and logos.
Black Widow Bows .... Fine bows and arrows.
Bowhunters Discount Warehouse .... As of 7/2001 their website is closed.
Bowhunter Magazine  .... The site of the number one bowhunting magazine.
Bowhunting.net .... The Bowhunting Netcenter.
Bowsite .... If you're a bowhunter, this is one place you have to check out.
Don Brown Traditional Archery ....
California Archery Web .... Webring of California archery shops.
Custom Feathers .... David Mitchell. 6117 Highway 190, Chillicothe, MO 64601. Phone #s: 660-646-6630 (Work), 660-646-0469 (Home-eves.), 660-646-9703 (FAX), & 1-888-353-8246 (Orders only). He makes custom arrows using fresh turkey wing primaries and some secondaries. Most fletching is natural, but he'll custom dye colors on large orders. He also buys wings, fans, and beards, so you might be able to work a trade.
Dink's Feather Shop .... They make custom arrows and sells supplies. Murraysville, WV. Ph # 304-273-3485.
Easton .... Fine arrows and other gear.
edersbow .... Online bowhunting magazine.
The Essentials Of Archery .... Original printing 1942 (This document has been liberally transcribed from the 1953 edition). "How to Use and Make Bows and Arrows" by L. E. Stemmler , Manorville, L.I., N.Y.
EXTERIOR BALLISTICS OF BOWS AND ARROWS .... By W. J. Rheingans.
Game Tracker
.... String tracking system. 3476 Eastman Drive Flushing, MI 48433 Phone (800)241-4833 Fax (810)733-2077
Hidden Wolf Woolens .... Sorry folks, this company closed the middle of 2000.
Herb's Leatherworks .... If you like quality hand made leather quivers then take a peek at these fine quivers from Herb at Herb's Leatherworks.
High Mountain Archery Equipment Sales .... they carry Gold Tip, Bow Tech, Champion, PSE, Jennings, Hoyt, Golden Key, Sims, Archers Choice, and many other quality products.
Hoyt USA Bows
.... Makers of fine bows and bowhunting equipment.
International Bowhunting Organization .... The IBO is a non profit organization founded in 1984. Their intent is to provide a means by which all persons, interested in the sport, can unite to ensure ours and our children's rights to the pursuit of bowhunting.
Jackson's Archery and Hunting Page .... Check out this San Diego California bowhunters website. Lots of good info and links here.
Magnus Broadheads .... I use these broadheads and they shoot well and are very tough.
Martin Archery .... Good bows.
The National Archery Association .... National governing body for U.S. Olympic archery.
Primitive Archer ..... Good forum and quarterly magazine.
Professional Bowhunters Society
....
PSE Archery .... Bows and other archery gear.
RibTek Broadheads .... Good tough broadheads.
Sky Archery .... This is the legendary Earl Hoyt's archery company that makes excellent longbows and recurve bows. Out of business in 2003.
Slick Trick .... Tough broadheads.
Stickbow
.... Your traditional archery connection.
Tammy Jo's Archery Supplies .... Custom flemish-twist bowstrings for recurves and longbows.
Trackmaster Arrow Tracking System .... Radio signal arrow recovery system.
Traditional Bowhunter Magazine .... 6 issues per year of good traditional bow info.

Hog Hunting Calls

All Predator Calls .... All kinds of calls. Give A.P. a call.
Flextone .... Hog call.
GameCalls.net .... Hog calls.
Haydel's Game Calls .... Hog calls.
Knight & Hale .... Hog calls
Primos ... Hog calls.
Woods Wise .... Hog calls.

Hog Hunting Camo and Clothing

10X Wear .... Camo
Advantage Camo ....

Aervoe-Pacific Co. .... Camouflage paint in all the military colors. Best supplier I've found for painting your equipment. P.O. Box 483, Gardnerville, NV., 89410, ph# 800-227-0196.
ASAT Camo .... Tel# 423-531-7110 or you can email them at ASATCAMO@BELLSOUTH.NET.
Beartooth Products .... 3 piece camo kit for shotguns.
Brigade Quartermasters
.... Outdoor gear, military issue gear, GPS, everything you need.
Bug Out Outdoorwear .... Bug nets and suits.
Bushlan Camo .... Camo clothing.
Bush Rag Camouflage Systems .... Camo ghillies.
Camo Skin .... Removable camo overlays for shotguns.
Camovision Eyewear .... You can see out, game can't see in. UV protected, patented, durable frames. I tried a pair of these and I found they kept the sun out real good but it was like looking through a thick screen door. Too distracting for me.
Columbia Sportswear Co.
....
DK Flatwoods Camo .... 3D camo
DownWind 3D Camo ....
Hidden Wolf Woolens
.... Quality, Service, Dedication- Unexcelled -For your camouflage clothing needs.
Image Country Camouflage .... Camo.
Lacrosse .... Excellent boots and waders.
LongBeard Industries L.L.C. .... Makers of the "The Backpack Recliner" .
C. C. Filson .... For 102 years, Filson has been supplying rugged clothing for extreme conditions out of doors.
Mossy Oak
.... America's most effective concealment system.
Natural Gear Camo ....
Polar Wrap
.... Great clothing to keep your face and head warm.
Predator Camo
.... Great camo.
Permanone .... Spray this on your clothes to kill ticks, chiggers and other bugs. Not a repellent like "Off" or "Repel", it actually kills the darn creepy crawlies. PERMETHRIN is the generic name of the active ingredient. It is a natural pesticide from pyretherum (African flower in the daisy family) and the active ingredient is permanone. It is used on cloths only because if applied to the skin, it mixes with oils and sweat and becomes useless. It is harmless but some people may be sensitive to it. It goes by several brand names, Permanone being the most common. Once applied properly, it binds to the fabrics and lasts a minimum of two weeks, even through several washings. Another brand is called Duranon.
Ranger Joe's .... Military, Law enforcement and outdoor gear.
Rancho Safari .... Camo ghillies.
Raven Wear Canada Ltd. .... Extreme cold camo clothing.
Realtree .... Excellent camo.
Rightnour Manufacturing Co. Inc. (RMC) .... Archery and Muzzleloading supplies, turkey vests, unique Non-Typical shotgun sling.
Scent-Lok
.... Camo clothing and scent control suits.
Schnee's Boot's .... These guys make the best cold weather elk boots I've ever owned. I like the 'air bob' soles.
Sleeping Indian Design .... Wool and cotton camo clothing
Stick N' Limbs Camo ....
Trebark Camo ....
Underbrush
.... Portable blinds and 3-D Leafy Camo Wear.
Woolrich .... Fine wool clothing.

Hog Hunting Dogs

Bay Dog Online .... No bull, just hogs and dogs.
JHO Hound Forum .... Great place to talk about hog dogs.

Hog Hunting Feeders & Attractants

Bossbuck Non Typical Feeders .... Feeders and timers
Brutal Boar Creations .... Makers of "Black Gold."
Cabela's .... Feeders and timers.
Hog Bomb .... From the makers of "Buck Bomb". Aerosol spray scent.
Hog Heaven .... Attractant from Wild Game Innovations.
Hog Wild .... Attractant from Evolved Habitats.
In Heat Scents .... Scents. Makers of "Grim Reaper".
Moultrie .... Feeders and timers.
Remington Feeders .... Feeders and timers.

 

Hog Hunting Gear

Bass Pro Shop .... One of the biggest hunting and fishing gear suppliers. Stop by one of their 'Outdoor World' stores, you'll be amazed. They have calls, decoys, shells, sights, blinds camo and tons more.
Brigade Quartermasters .... Outdoor gear, military issue gear, GPS, everything you need.
Cabela's .... One of the biggest retailers of outdoor and hunting gear. They have calls, decoys, shells, sights, blinds camo and tons more.
Gamesaver .... Better than pepper, fights bacteria growth in warm weather. Concentrated for taking into the field.
Guide's Guide to Hunting: The Complete Guide To WILD HOG FIELD CARE .... DVD video by Ron Geyer former guider on Tejon Ranch. This video is a comprehensive, step-by-step instructional program that walks you through in detail, the complete process of field dressing, skinning, quartering, and caping your wild hog, including the tools required for a successful hunt. Through the use of CGI , the viewer is shown the precise location of proper shot placement, and the choice cuts of meat from your wild hog.
Ranger Joe's .... Military, Law enforcement and outdoor gear.
REI ....The biggest outdoor store on the net.
Shomer-tec.... Law enforcement and military equipment. Box 28070, Bellingham, WA. 98228 ph# 360-733-6214. Call for free catalog.
U.S. Cavalry .... World's finest military and adventure equipment.

Hog Hunting Guns/Gun Supplies

Americase .... Gun cases since 1985.
Beretta .... Firearms.
Boyt Harness Co. .... Gun cases.
Ed Brown Products .... High performance bolt-action rifles and 1911 handguns for those who expect the best.
Brownells .... Great supplier of gun parts.
Browning .... Firearms.
B-Square .... has been manufacturing and marketing a full line of premium quality scopes mounts, accessories and gunsmithing tools for over 40 years.
CanjarTriggers. M. H. Canjar Co. 500 E. 45th Ave.,Denver, CO 80216, Voice: (303) 295-2638.
Crooked Horn Outfitters .... They make a bino harness that works real good for $19.99.
Doskocil.... Gun cases.
Dillon Precision .... Reloading supplies
Galati International.com
.... Your number one source for shooting and gun accessories including Rifle Cases, Range Bags, Holsters, Shotgun Accessories, Knives, Soft Air Guns, Scopes, Night Vision, T-Shirts and Much More.
Gamaliel Shooting Supply .... Whatever you need - rifle scopes, reloading supplies or gun accessories we've got them all at Gamaliel Shooting Supply! We have all the types of rifle scopes, reloading supplies, and gun accessories you need for hunting and target shooting.
Gunbroker.com .... Worlds largest sport shooting and hunting auction.
Gun Guard .... Good rifle, bow and pistol cases. Some case have wheels which are real handy in the airport.
Gun Tests.com .... They have a no holds barred gun review website and magazine that is very objective. If it sucks, they say so and why. No 3 to 3 1/2 out of 4 stars for every gun they review like you see in NAHC or Guns and Ammo. They have no ads in their review so they are not worried about stepping on toes.
Impact Case Company .... Gun cases.
Knight Muzzleloaders .... Firearms.
Kolpin .... Gun cases.
Lazzeroni .... Great rifles.
Levergun Leather Works .... Great handmade leather pouches, cases, rifle butt holders, slings, knife cases and sheaths, rifle scabbards and more from "Lever" at Levergun Leather Works.
Lilja Precision Rifle Barrels .... Great barrels and lots of info on long range shooting.
Marlin Firearms Co. .... Great firearms.
McMillan .... Makers of tough dependable rifle stocks.
Michael's .... Makers of Butler Creek and Uncle Mike's gun supplies.
Midsouth Shooters Supply Co. .... Your complete source for shooting accessories and supplies.
Midway USA .... The world's largest mail order shooting and reloading superstore.
MTM Case-Gard .... Ammo and accessory boxes, gun cleaning vises and target stands.
The Almost Complete List of Muzzle Loading and Buckskinning Links ....
Muzzleloader Magazine .... The publication for black powder shooters.
Nitro Company Ammunition .... Their Hevi-Shot turkey loads are made with a new high tech buffer. Special formula coating to protect your barrel from scoring. They also have waterfowl loads. slugs, defense ammo and blackpowder loads.
Northwest Security Products .... Cases, holsters, pouches and more from Alaska.
Plano ..... Gun cases.
Quake Industries .... For years I've searched for a rifle sling that wouldn't slide off my shoulder. I finally found the Holy Grail here at Quaker Industries, called the "Claw". They also make super rifle swivels that don't squeak, scope covers and recoil pads.
Remington .... Firearms.
Ruger .... Firearms.
Sako .... Firearms.
Seahorse Cases .... Waterproof cases for game cameras, optics, camera and other gear.
Shilen .... Makers of excellent rifle barrels.
Sinclair International .... We are a 16 year old, Indiana based company which specializes in high quality products designed for precision rifle shooters.
SKB .... Gun cases.
Sniper Country
.... A great site for long range shooting. They have reviews on scopes, rangefinders, moly bullet coating and tons of other info. Lots of military and law enforcement shooters hang out here.
Tactical Intervention Specialists ....  Precision rifle accessories. Mike has come up with a great new sling too. Stop by his website and see some of the goodies there.
Thompsom/Center Arms .... Whether a Traditional or a Modern In-Line... T/C has it all.
Timney Trigger .... Timney Manufacturing, Inc. is one of the oldest and largest trigger manufacturers in the world. Founded in 1946, Timney prides itself on the quality of precision machining and workmanship that goes into each and every Timney product.
Traditions Performance Muzzleloading Weatherby ....
Tuffpak .... Tuffpak is the only multi-gun case of its kind. Whether you're going for a weekend or a month, taking 1 rifle or 5 shotguns .
Weatherby .... Fine rifles and shotguns.
Winchester .... Firearms.

 

Hog Hunting Optics, Scopes, Binos, and Night Vision

Aimpoint .... As the choice of the U.S. Army and elite forces around the world, Aimpoint sights offer high performance, military-proven technology and rugged durability. Aimpoint's both-eyes-open, heads-up, rapid target acquisition and superior accuracy deliver unmatched precision for a variety of applications.
Backpack Hunter .... Sorry to say it, but Don "Backpack Hunter" has shut down his website after many years.
Bear Basin .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
B & H
.... The Professional's source for tripods, photo gear, and video.
Brunton .... Makers of the 'Eterna' and 'Lite-Tech' line of binos. They also make compasses, wind meters, and survey gear.
Burris .... Fine American made scopes and binos.
Bushnell .... Scopes, binos, and Yardage Pro rangefinder.
Bogen .... Distributors for 'Gitzo' and 'Manfrotto' tripods.
Canon .... Makers of binos.
Celestron .... Makers of binos and scopes.
Crooked Horn Outfitters .... They make a bino harness that works real good for $19.99.
Custom Ophthalmics .... Manufactures custom lenses to correct astigmatism. These small lenses are made to your prescription and fitted into the eyecup of your binoculars to let you remove your glasses while viewing. For more information: 11603 Hampstead Drive, Fredericksburg, VA. 22407 . PH# 1-540-786-9276 voice/fax, e-mail:102171,2300@Compuserve.com
Deutsche Optik .... Retailers of 'Wild' and 'Barr & Stroud' rangefinders, Leitz Intel Analyst Magnifiers, Visulette Aspheric Magnifiers, Hensoldt binos, Optolyth scopes and binos, and WWII military optics.
Doctor-Optic Technologies Inc. .... Makers of great scopes and binos. Contact them at: 4685 Boulder Highway, Suite A, Las Vegas, NV 89121 USA, PH# 1-800-290-3634, 1-702-898-7161, (fax) 1-702-898-3737.
D & R Sports .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
Eagle Optics
.... Online Retailer of name brand optics, also good info on scopes and binos specifications.
Fujinon .... Makers of fine scopes and binos. They also make the 'Staboscope', a bino that you can use at night and while moving.
Global Mart .... Online retailer for Tasco scopes and rangefinders, Bushnell, and ITT Night vision.
'Grippit' .... With this strap and mount, you can mount your binos on a tripod for more stability. $29.99.
HawkEyes International .... Online retailer of binos, scopes, laser sights, and night vision.
HI VIZ Fiber Optic Sights ....
Kahles .... Kahles Riflescope Manufacturing Company of Vienna, Austria is one of the premier rifle scope manufacturers in the world. With over 100 years of optical engineering behind every scope they make, Kahles has always been known by professional guides and hunters as "One of the very best and most rugged rifle scopes".
Kowa .... One of the better scope and bino makers.
Leica .... Fine German binos and scopes.
LensPen .... LensPen is a lens cleaning device that uses a carbon-based cleaning compound. Also has a little brush on the other end to aid in removing debris.
Leupold .... Fine American made optics.
Meade .... Makers of fine binos, scopes, CCD cameras, and microscopes.
Minolta .... Makers of binos.
Nikon .... Great binos and scopes.
OP/TECH USA .... Long been known for their comfortable binocular and camera straps. They have branched out into several other products of interest that are available via retailers: Fashion Strap: binocular and camera strap, E-Z Comfort Strap: binocular and camera strap, Soft Pouch: binocular and scope covers, Bino Caps: binocular, scope, and camera lens caps, Tripod Strap: tripod strap, Tripod Leg Wraps: Cordura covered foam leg wraps. For more information: PH# 1-800-251-7815 or 1-406-388-1377
Optolyth  .... Fine German optics. Contact: SCM Corporation, (distributor), PO Box 7518 San Diego, CA 92167 USA, PH# 1-800-225-9407, (fax) 1-619-692-8199.
Orion .... Online retailer of binos and scopes.
Pentax .... Makers of binos.
Redfield .... Scopes and mount.
Schmidt & Bender .... Fine German optics.
ScopLevel .... ScopLevel is a device that dramatically increases your shooting accuracy by dramatically reducing CANTING. Check out the effects of canting and what ScopLevel does to reduce it's effect at this website.
Segway-Industries home of the Reticule Leveler .... Segway Industries manufactures and sells the easiest-to-use scope alignment tool ever developed for gun owners and gunsmiths.
Shepherd Scopes Ltd. .... This scope gives you a one shot zero and accurate range-finding. Dual reticule system allows for better accuracy and reliability.
Simmons .... Good scopes and binos. Blount is the maker of this line of optics.
Springfield Armory .... For more than a decade, Springfield Armory™ has been providing high quality, proprietary counter-sniper sighting systems to the world's most demanding customers. Now with eight Government Models™ to choose from, Springfield provides outdoor, severe duty telescopic sights designed to meet the most extreme performance demands of serious law enforcement personnel and hunters world wide.
Steiner .... Pioneer Research is the maker and importer of Steiner optics. They also make dive cameras.
S.W.F.A. Inc. .... Great prices on scopes, binos and rangefinders.
Swarovski ...
Fine Austrian optics
Swift Instruments Inc. .... Makers of excellent binos, scopes, magnifiers, opera glasses, and weather instruments.
Tasco .... Makers of binos, scopes, and rangefinders.
Tru_Glo .... Make fiber optic sights.
US Optics
.... They design and build special purpose riflescopes for, Military and Law Enforcement, sniper and tactical use. Also, riflescopes for competition and Varmint shooting.
V-Vax Products residual oil remover .... The best lens cleaning solution since alcohol. A lot of optics shops use it and it's available at retailers all over. Leica and Zeiss use it to clean all of the internal components prior to assembly of their binoculars. For more information: V-Vax Products, 1507 Elston Avenue, Chicago, IL 60622. PH# 1-312-276-1747, (fax) 1-312-276-0909.
Weaver .... Fine scopes. Blount is the maker of this product.
Wholesale Hunter .... Good prices on binos, scopes and rangefinders.
Williams Optics .... Telescopes, mounts and camera adapters.
Zeiss
.... Fine binos and scopes.

Hog Hunting Organizations

Boone and Crockett Club .... Promoting wildlife conservation and 'fair chase hunting'.
Becoming an Outdoors-Woman (BOW) .... Offers weekend skills clinics to women throughout North America. Explore our pages and discover  what's waiting in the great outdoors!
Hunters for the Hungry .... A great nationwide effort for sportsmen to donate extra game meat to help those in need.
Hunt Of A Lifetime .... is a nonprofit organization that grants hunting and fishing adventures to children who have been diagnosed with terminal or life threatening illnesses. We are making a difference. We need your help.
International Hunter Education Association
.... Hunter Education classes explore a variety of topics, including wildlife identification, landowner relations, outdoor survival skills, wildlife management, field care of game, and more. Volunteers teach all types of hunter safety, including the use of various modern firearms, black powder, and bow and arrow.
Pope and Young Club .... Dedicated To The Protection Of Our Bowhunting Heritage And North America's Wildlife.
National Rifle Association .... If you're a gun owner, you really need to join, to maintain your 2nd amendment right to bear arms.
Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Alliance .... The Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Alliance is a huge grassroots effort to give hunters and anglers a stronger collective voice. It's an alliance of individual sportsmen and women, plus national conservation groups, as well as local and regional clubs and organizations who care about the future of wildlife and outdoor activities on the 192 million acres of National Forests and grasslands.
Safari Club International .... Advocate for 45 million hunters and wildlife conservation worldwide.
Wildlife Legislative Fund of America .... The Wildlife Legislative Fund of America (WLFA) provides direct lobbying and grassroots coalition support to protect and advance the rights of hunters, fishermen, trappers and scientific wildlife management professionals. This is accomplished through coalition building, ballot issue campaigning and legislative and government relations.

Know of any other good hog organizations? If you do, drop us an email at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

Hog Hunting Publications/Books/Magazines/Videos

 

Boar Hunter Magazine .... BHM is the only publication available that is committed entirely to wild hog hunting.
California Hog Hunter .... Jim Matthew's CA Hog Hunter newsletter is no longer being published by Jim. Jim sold the magazine to California Sportsman in 2009.

California Sportsman ... Jim Matthew's CA Hog Hunter newsletter is no longer being published by Jim. Jim sold the magazine to California Sportsman in 2009.
"Pocket Guide to Field Dressing Game" .... by Steve Gilbert. $12.95, plastic, spiral-bound, 3 5/8 x 4 1/2 x 1/4, 26 pages, fully illustrated, ISBN 1-886127-19-0, Item #P144.

Western Outdoor News .... Fine weekly newspaper with maps and tons of timely reports. $36.95 for 52 issues. Ph# 1-714-546-4370. Call the 'Hunter's Hotline' to give your story for publishing. Ph # 1-714-546-4370 ext. 48 or fax: 1-714-662-3486 or e-mail: wonmail@aol.com

Know of any other good hog hunting books? If you do, drop us an email at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

Hog Hunting Websites/Forums/Blogs

California Game and Fish Magazine .... Your ticket to the hottest fishing and hunting in California.
Field and Stream .... The popular magazine online. They have a great hunting and shooting forum too.
Fishing and Hunting News .... This is the fishing and hunting news magazine online version.
Hunt America.com .... Marshall Talbott's great hunting website. He has forums for everything from Big Game hunting to Backpack gear. Check it out.
Jesse's Hunting & Outdoors (JHO) Hog Hunting Forum .... Great place to view and ask questions about hog hunting.
Outdoor Life .... The well known magazine online.
Texas Boars .... Lots of info on hog hunting.
Weiser Weight & Tusk Record Book .... Official scoring system for wild boars. Cody Weiser. 361-772-8023.
Western Hunter .... Information about hunting in the west from the former editor of "California Hunter" magazine, Jerry Springer.
Jim Zumbo's webpage .... Lot's of hunting tips and cooking recipes.

Know of any other good hog hunting websites? If you do, drop us an email at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

 


Hog Recipes

If you have any recipes you would like to share here, please email them to us at Jesse's Hunting Page Banner

Rock Salt Pork Roast

Contrary to the name, this roast does not taste briny! The salt brings the heat into the meat and does not over salt the roast. The roast is left with a crispy coating on the outside.

Small (2 or 3 pounds) wild pig roast
3 strips of thin-sliced bacon, cut into pieces
Black pepper
Garlic clove
3 to 4 pounds of rock salt

Late additions;
Apple slices
Parsley
Marinated pears
1/4 cup brandy (optional)

Preheat oven to 500 degrees. Make three slits into the roast. Put the garlic clove into the middle slit, and surround it with pieces of bacon. Pack the rest of the bacon into the other two slits. Sprinkle the roast with pepper. Spread about one inch of rock salt in the bottom of a roasting pan and put the roast on top. Pile rock salt around the roast, building it up and using a little hot water as needed to make the salt stay in place. Continue piling the rock salt onto the roast until it is completely covered. Put the roast into the oven.

Reduce the oven to 450 degrees. Bake for 14 minutes per pound of roast. Remove the roast from the oven at the end of the calculated roasting time. The rock salt will be very hard, and will have to be cracked off with a hammer and chisel. Once cracked, the rock salt pieces should lift off the meat easily. Remove the roast from the pan and brush off excess salt.

Place the meat on a serving dish. Stick sliced apples, pears and parsley to the sides of the roast with toothpicks. If desired, heat brandy in a saucepan, then pour it over the roast. Under dim light, ignite the brandy. Slice the roast.

Wild hog Chops

5 slices of bacon, cut into 1/2-inch pieces
8 boar chops, 3/4- to 1 -inch thick
1/2 cup chopped onion
1 clove minced garlic
2 15-oz. cans black-eyed peas, drained and rinsed
2 12-oz. jars mushroom gravy
1/2 tsp. salt
1/ 2 tsp. pepper
1 cup hot cooked white rice
8 green pepper slices

Fry bacon in a large non-stick skillet over medium heat until brown. Remove bacon from skillet and drain on paper towels. Set aside.

To the same pan, add chops, onion and garlic. Brown meat on both sides for 5 to 7 minutes over medium heat. Add peas, gravy, salt and pepper. Bring to a boil over medium-high heat. Reduce heat to low; cover and simmer for 30 minutes.

Add rice. Simmer for 35 to 45 minutes or until meat is tender, stirring occasionally. Garnish with bacon and pepper slices.